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FILE 


« 




* 


DESCRIPTION 


9 / 

it. 


NEWARK 


FILE 


SI IR.IFP.t 77/0/?7#5 BLftCK. 


FILE NO. 



VOLUME NO.. 





SERIALS 


\on 


\ # 





NOTICE 


THE BEST COPIES OBTAINABLE ARE 
INCLUDED IN THE REPRODUCTION 
OF THE FILE. PAGES INCLUDED 
THAT ARE BLURRED, LIGHT OR 
OTHERWISE DIFFICULT TO READ 
ARE THE RESULT OF THE CONDITION 
AND OR COLOR OF THE ORIGINALS 
PROVIDED. THESE ARE THE BEST 
COPIES AVAILABLE. 


VOLUME 

Invent try Wtrkihitt ' 

FD-603 (2-18-77) 

Fife No* ^-5“ R 


Pile No: __ 


Sarial 


NEWARK PI 1 £S 

'IhornQS L . 6 /-AQ 




Description 

(Type of communication, to* from) 


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FD-503 (2-18-77) 


VOLUME ^ 


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No. of Page* 

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Inventory Work shoot 

FD-S03 (2-18-77) 


VOLUME 


NEWARK PILES 


PROCESSE D fa}. 


File No 


.. US'- ¥ 07 */ ... THOMAS L 


Date 


■ 3 til 


(month /year) 


Serial 

Date 

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| No, of Pages 

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VOLUME NEWARK FILES _ 

Inventory Workihaat PROCESSED /7?v( 

FD-61X3 (2-1M-77) — * 

P,„ Ho: ... THORPS L ALACK- D „ ; . -Jg/77 


(mdnth/year) 


Serial 

Date 

Description 

(Type of communication, to* from) 

No. o< 
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Inventory Work sheet 

FD-503 (2-18*77) 


VOLUME 


NEWARK FILES 


IflVaMTUttXAii 

PROCESSED 


£LE 



pH. No; ... Thomas l, n-.. zhs 


(month /year) 


Serial 

Date 

Description 

(Type of communication* to* from) 

No. of Pages 

Exemptions used or, to whom referred 
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F 0-6 03 (3-18-77) 


File No: 


VOLUME 


NEWARK FILES 


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Serial 

Date 

Description 

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VOLUME 


NEWARK PILES 


Fil« No 


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Actual 

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FD -303 ( 2 - 18 - 77 * 


VOLUME 


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FiU No: 


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Serial 

Date 

Description 

(Type of communication* to* from) 

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Inventory Worksheet 

FW03 (2-18-77) 


File No: . 


VOLUME 


NEWARK PILES 


p.. 


Description 

(Type of communication! to, from) 



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FD-503 (2-18-77) 


NEWARK FILES 


File No: ! (S^Qj^ 


Serial 

Date 

Description 

(Type of communication,, to, from) 

No. of Pages 
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Date (Type of communication, to, from) 

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File No: LszRo: v^L 


VOLUME aZ 


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Office Memorandum • united stated government 


to « SAC: 

S. K. MC KEE 

DATE: JUNE 19, 1950 

FROM 1 SA: 

JAMES 0. PONDER 



SUBJECT: THCMAS L. BUCK, with aliases 
ESPIONAGE - B 

Investigation to locate NORA DUGAN, who was employed as a bookkeeper by the HALBROOK 
MANUFACTURING CCMPANY, Jersey City, -New Jersey, during the period In which TH34AS L. 
BLACK and HARRY GOLD vcrkBd for that company as Chemists, resulted In locatlug NCSA 
DUGAN at to Jones Street, Jersey City, New Jersey. For the past fifteen years NORA 
DUGAN has been known as NORA CONNELL, having been re -married. 

V 

Mrs. CONNELL was interviewed by the writer on June 7, 1950 and she advised that she 
was employed by the HALBROOK MANUFACTURING COMPANY for thirteen year a. The HALBROOK 
MANUFACTURING CCMFAHY is located at l8th Avenue and Coles Avenue, Jersey City, New 
Jereey. MrB. CONNELL stated she was employed here Iran approximately 1927 through 
19l|0. She Btated Bhe wae an office employee working In the capeclty of e bookkeeper. 
She advised that there were only about 26 persons employed at this company and the 
office force consisted of herself, JAMES McItffOSH who was Office and Factory Manager, 
and DAN MclIAIE who was Shipping Clerk. 

Mrs. CONNELL stated that sometime in the 19^0‘e McHAUS was succeeded by FREDERICK 
STETSON . Mrs, CONNELL stated that she does uot recall any of the Chemists employed 
by this company with the exception of HAERY HUBER who committed suicide many years 
ago. 

Mrs. CONNELL stated that the HALBROOK COMPANY le an old concern, originally being 
founded by Mr. 2-1ITH who handed it down to hie two eons, FRANKLIN end STANTON S-IITH. 
Mrs. CONNELL stated that for many years FRANKLIN a<ITH acted as head chemist for the 
company and did meet of the research work. She stated that she had no association 
with the chemists st all, other than HUBER and £*HTB. 

Mrs. CONNELL stated that she does not recall TliCMAC L, BLACK as sn employee, nor does 
she recall HARRY GOLD as an employee in ths HUBER COMPANY. Photographs of BUCK and 
GOLD were displayed, to Mrs. CONNELL and she advised that she did not recognize either 
BUCK or GOLD. 

Mrs. CONNELL said that McHALE, who hangs out around Vest Side Avenue, near Cleorraont 
Street in Jersey City, Iiew Jersey, would probably know BLACK and GOLD as he was very 
friendly end worked closely with the men in the plant. She also stated that ANDREW 
CALDWELL. who worked as a loader during the 1950* s, may possibly recall BLACK or GOLD. 
She etated that ANDREW CALDWELL lived some where near the plant In the Hudson City 
section o f Jersey City, New Jersey. Mrs. CONNELL etated that in the event either the 
name of BLACK or GOLD came to her she would conte ct the writer at the Newark Off ice. 



| •! int-jfi 


JOpjRD 

6l>-l*07b 



STAHDANb RMM MO. <M 


Office MemorMdum • united stat® government 


10 ! SAC: &. K. MC KEE DATE: JUNE 19, 1950 

from t aA; THfMAS V. KEITY 

SUBJECT: THOMAS L. BLACK, with aliases 
ESPIONACE - R 

Upon receipt of information from the Philadelphia Office on June le, 1950 to the 
effect that the subject would arrive at Pennsylvania Station, Newark, New Jersey, 
on the 11:55 p. m. train out of Philadelphia, the following surveillance of the 
subject was conducted by Special Agents Blake E. Turner, Dalton C. Goerke, Rufus 
T. Tyson and. the writer: ^ 


12:00 Midnight 


12:30 s. m. 


12:35 &• o* 


12:15 8* 


1:10 a. tn. 


2:00 a. m. 


Surveillance Instituted at Pennsylvania Railroad St 
Newark, New Jersey. ||- 




Subject observed leaving train from Philadelphia carrying ^ 
one email black overnight bag. Subject proceeded to Statla^ 
lobby where the surveillance ves taken over from the " 

Philadelphia Agents. 

Subject entered telephone booth at Pennsylvania Station 
lobby and made telephone call, 

Subject left telephone booth and proceeded on foot from p'-'l" 
Pennsylvania Station to Market Street where he turned right . 

and proceeded to Breed Street, Uework. Subject then turned w*** 
left on ix’oad Street and went down Broad Street to Hill Street, 
where he turned right and crossed Broad Street and proceeded 
down Hill Street. 

y 

Subject observed entering Douglass Hotel, Newark, where he 
registered. fr 

& h 

General Manager, JAMES CASSELL, Douglaes Hotel, Hill Street, , 
Newnrk, New Jersey, we a contorted and exhibited the Subject' a v 
registration card which contained the following Information: 

Subject registered at 1:1^ a. m. no THH-lAS L. HACK. 192'J 
North Sixth Street, Philadelphia, Penn sy Ivan! a , The rubjeet '' 
was assigned Room //6S9 and. paid for hie room In advance. 

Arrangements were made with Mr. CASSCLL to list all telephone 
calls made by Subject during hl.R stey at the Douglane H'tel. ' 


3 : 00 a . 


Tl'KrRD 
65 -I| 07)1 


Surveillance turned over to Special Agent*.: Thoraae L. Lovcrlr.-r, 
Gus M. Moore, Alfred R. Jones and Paul 1. D’ntnore. , 1 aj 

l* 'I'! 1 -'' I OK 


I '"il- 


L -M. ^ 171 r 


JUM 1 !■ 19wH 



f 


erANOAHD FOAM MO, U 


% ' ft 

Office Memorandum • united states government 


TO , SAC S. K. UC KEE 

FROM t SA THOMAS W. KELT! 

subjECTs THOMAS L. BLACK , was 
ESPIONAGE - E . 


DATE: June 19, 19*50 


8130 PM 6/18/50: SA BLAKE E. TURNER and the writer boarded Penna HR 


train for Philadelphia with subject. 


iV. '<C. - 


10:05 PM 6/18/50: Subject alighted from train at No. Philadelphia 

where the surveillance was turned over to Phila. 
• Agents. SA TURNER and writer then returned to 

Newark. 


f'ur — - 

W'H &l ' 


SEARCHED ^INDEXED 

SERIALIZED .'..FILED 

JUM •’ 0 i9B0 M 

FCl • NfcVMRK 






standard form no. 64 


t 8 

Office Memorandum • united states government 

T0 » s. 1;. nc res. sac date: < 720/50 

PROM » sk THT-IAS F. JONES 

SUBJBCT: THOMAS L. HACK 

ESP I ON ACE - R 

Philadelphia Division requested this office to identify the follow- 
ing persons whose names were noted among BLACK’S personal effects and whom 
SI ACT could not identify: 

HSISEMAN, 1045 Fairview - EL 3-6909 
HERMAN, A. - OR -3-9190 
MC CLURE - EL 3-3263 
DAVID STONE - WE 2-5537 

EL 3-69S9 is listed to F. R. FJ^CMAK . 1045 Fairview Flace, Hillside, 
Hew Jersey. Office indices are negatiVe ro H El SEMAK . Mrs. F. P.. PEIS VAN 

was tele chon i call y contacted on June 19, 1950 by the writer and advised that 

HEIST IAN died four years ago. Mrs. HEISEMAN did not recall THOMAS L. BLACK 
as a personal or business associate of her husband. According to Mrs. IIE3SSMAH, 
her husband had been associated with the National Grocery Company in How Jersey. 

OR 3-9190 was listed to ABRAH^M^HEIGiAN, 319 Main Street, Orange, 

New Jersey. The office indices were negative re ABRAHAM M. HARMAN. Mr. HERMAN 

was telephonically contacted on June 19, 1950 by the writer and advised he 

is an attorney. Mr. HERMAN stated he could not recell knowinr anyone by the. 
name of THOMAS L. BLACK. 

EL 3-3263 was listed for SAMUEL^MC^CI-URE, 123 James Street, 

Hillside, New Jersey. The office indices were negative regarding MC CLITRS. 

The writer telephonically Mrs. MC CLURE at the above address and she advised 
her husband was presently working for the Crawford Steel Casting Company in 
Bucyrus, Ohio. He resides at the Weaver Hotel in Bucyrus, Ohio. According 
to Mrs. MC CLURE, her husband worked for the American Steel Casting Company 
(formerly the Eastern Steel Casting Company) in Newark, New Jersey. 

Mrs. MC CLURE does not recall knowing BLACK nr 0 social acquaintance of her 
husband. 


WE 2-5537 is listed for C. W. ROSS, 702 Mountain Avenue, Westfield, 

New Jersey. Both ROSS and STORE’S names ore negative in the office indices. 

Mr. R n 35 advised that DAVID^BTONE now resides at 174 Harrison Avenue, Wc3+,field, 
New Jersey, c/o JP3ETH F. JU.SXAHDER. ALEXANDER’ s name is negative in the office 
indices. STONE was telephonically contacted by the writer on June 19, 1950, 
and advised he does not recall ever having known n THOMAS L. BLACK. STONE 
advised, be is a veteran. (.' j ' , , JLO 


TFJ:AM 
Hi: 65-4074 


jun ^ i ! if 




STANDARD FORM NO. 04 


/ 


Office Memorandum • united states government 

TO i ShC i>. K. ,Uu KEE DATE: June 20, 1950 

FROM i SA DELTON C. UQeHKE 

SUBJECT: THOUaS L. BLaCK 
ESPIOaOC - R 


Effort? to locate RIoHartD A. «VILbOw whose last known address was I 48 ’ 
Steuben St., East Orange, New Jersey, through available sources of information 
were unsuccesful. according to personnel records of the NOPl-O thenicul to., 
Harrison, N.J., WILSON left their employ 9/11/45 to enter Lynchburg, Va., 
Theological School. 

In an effort to locate BERNARD EbELSTEIN, whose last known address was 
227 E. Blanche St., Linden, N.J., the following people were telephonic ally 
contacted : 

Mrs. L. DIaMCMD & UR. H. LaIBEL, both residing at the above address, advisdd 
they do not know BEKIwUiL ElELbTElN. 

Records of NOPCO Chemical Co., reflect EbftLSTcIN had,, at one time, 
resided at 10S0 Elizabeth Ave., Elizabeth, N.J. This address is listed for 
a JaCOB EDELSTaIM, Sheetmetal Worker. Investigation at this address reflects 
EDELSTiilN I’d BE in Chicago, address unknown. i, 

Investigation revealed that the person listed as Cha/i telephone ft Uarket2- 
4136 is probably identical to Rev. CHaHLeC F. SHjwi , 66 Fleming Ave., Newark, 

N.J. who has the above telephone jf. 

Rev. SlmW was tele phonic ally contacted but he denied ever knowing anyone 
by the name of BLmCK. 



65-7074 




1 


[stWCHfH 




IMOE^EO 
• FIUO.- 


1 SEWAU?fD 

jnNiiO 1950 


rtANOAMD Form mo. 14 


V 

Office Memorandum 


§ 

UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT 


to SAC S« K. MC KEE date: 6/20/50 

FROM : SA JAMES H. HIGDON, JR. 

SUBJECT: THOMAS L. BLACK, was. 

ESPIONAGE - R 

This is to record the fact that on June 17, 1950, at 9:00 p.m. 

SA TROY COLEMAN and the writer proceeded by Bureau automobile to the Philadelphia 
Office with items of possible evidentiary value, which were secured in a search 
of the belongings of BLACK 1 s which were in storage in the Van Poznak Storage 
Warehouse Company, 62 Howard Street, Newark, N. J. 

At 11:30 p.m. on June 17, 1950, SA COLEMAN and the writer turned 
over the above items to SA CARLOS L. KIRBY of the Philadelphia Office. 


JHH:ets y ' 
65-4074 



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WASHINGTON 3 ME W YORK 2 AND NEWARK 2 FROM TUI LA 17 A- 3 5 A JFG 

DIRECTOR AMD SACS URGENT 

FERDINAND PHILLIP HELLER, ALIAS FRED HELLER, ESP- ft* HELLER IS THE 
V tlAM WHO INTRODUCED HARRY GOLD TO THOMAS l. BLACK ABOUT NINETEEN 

THIRTY THREE- • BLACK HAS SAID THAT HE ADD HELLER DECIDED TOGETHER IN 
TVIftTYTHREE TO GET WORK IN THE SOVIET UNION AMD FOR THIS PURPOSE 
VISITED ANTORG IN NY WHERE GAIK OVAKIMIAN ATTEMPTED TO UTILIZE THEM IN 
ESPIONAGE WORK* HELLER BROUGHT VOLUNTARILY TO PHILA* OFFICE FOR INTER- 
VIEW THIS AFTERNOON AND HAS SO FAR BEEN HIGHLY EVASIVE. HE SAID HE 
WAS BORN PHI LA. DEC* TWELVE NINETEEN NAUGHT SEVEN, GRADUATED NORTHEAST 

US PHILA* IN TWENTYSIX, GRADUATED PA. STATE COLLEGE NINETEEN THIRTY 

\ 

WITH BS IN CHEMISTRY, TOOK GRADUATE WORK UNIV. OF VA. NINETEEN THIRTY 
ONE AND EMPLOYED PA. SUGAR CO. THIRTYONE WHERE HE MET HARRY GOLD. 

GOLD SUFFERED LAYOFFS AND- ABOUT THIRTY TWO OR THIRTY THREE, TOM BLACK 
OFFERED HELlIr A JOB AT HOLBROOK SOAP CO. HELLER NOT INTERESTED AND 
TURNED JOB CONTACT OVER TO GOLD, WHO WAS THEN UNEMPLOYED. GOLD MERELY 
AN ACQUAINTANCE AMD HELLER* WOULD HAVE DONE THE SAME FOR ANYONE ELSE 
WHO HAD WORKED WITH HIM AND WAS UNEMPLOYED. RECOLLECTION THAT HE IN- 


TRODUCE GOLD TO BLACK BY LETTER AND GOLD RECEIVED JOB. HELLER UNEM- 
PLOYED III TUIRTYFOUR AND MOVED TO THREE THIRTY FIVE WEST r.LEVE^Tt.L Vo ^ JlS 
ST., NYC, WHERE HE LIVED WITH VERA KANE. AT THAT TUJF. ♦!> OR K D) ~ mu t * to. 

stniAUMo'y A.....fiLro^._ 

SEVEN MONTHS FOR REESE BROTHERS, NYC ON MADISON AVE*, IN FOI^>|;f ^959 * 


END PAGE ONE 


■' 7 <- o' • I 


FBI . NEWARK 






PAGE TWO 

/ 

FIFTIES# CO MPANY NO LONGER IN JBUSINESS. WHEN HE LOST THIS JOB HE 
SOUGHT EMPLOYMENT IN SOVIET UNION AND VISITED AMTORG* HE ASHED FOR 
THCH* REPRESENTATIVE AND WAS INTRODUCED TO OVA KIM I AN WHO MADE APPOINT- 
MENT TO SEE HIM AT DINNER THAT EVENING TO DISCUSS EMPLOYMENT. 

OVAKIMAIN SHOWED INTEREST IN HELLER-S EXPERIENCE IN HFG. OF ESTERS* 

HELLER TOLD HIM ADOUT BLACK AND A WEEK OR TWO LATER, SAW HIM DY APPOINT- 
MENT TOGETHER WITH DLACK# MET AT FIFTH A' f E. AND FORTY SECOND ST. AMD 
ATE AT LEON-S RESTAURANT# THEY DESCRIBED THEIR TECHNICAL BACK GROUND 
AND OVAKIMIAI1 TOLD THEM SOMETHING OF HIW OWN FAMILY AMD EMPLOYMENT 
HISTORY* AFTER HELLER-S THIRD VISIT WITH OVAKIMIAN WITHOUT CONCRETE 
RESULTS HE SUSPECTED NOTHING WOULD COME OF JOB PROMISES AND LOST 
INTEREST# HE SUSPECTED AT TIME OVAKINIAN INVOLVED III ESPIONAGE * CLAIMS- 
HE HEARD NO MORE OF OVAKIM IAN UNTIL HE SAW IN PAPERS THAT HE DECLARED 
HIMSELF A SOVIET AGENT. AFTER AMTORG VISITS HE LOST CONTACT WITH BLACK 
FOR A YEAR OR YEAR AND HALF. HE DID NOT KNOW AT TIME OF DLACK- S FUR- 
THER CONTACT WITH OVAKIMIAN* BLACK LATER TOLD HIM HF. SAW OVAKIM TAM 
ONE OR TWO TIMES MORE# HELLER WAS NEVER AGAIN IN CONTACT WITH 
OVAKIMIAN OR ANY OF HIS AGENTS. HELLER TOOK JOB WITH CELLULOID CORP. 

OF AMERICA, NY WHICH HE HELD TO DEC. THIRTY SIX* HE THEM LIVED AT 
FIVE TEN HUDSON ST., NYC, RENTED FROM AM AD IN HEW MASSES. IN EARLY 
THIRTY SEVEN SPENT THREE MONTHS VACATION ID MIAMI, FLA* IN APRIL OR 
MAY THIRTY SEVEN, HIRED BY AMERICAN CHEMICAL PAINT CO*, AMBLER, PA. 

END PAGE TWO 



PAGE THREE 

HELLER CLAIMS HE NEVEB BELONGED TO CP NOR HAS HE EVER INVOLVED IN 

V 

ESPIONAGE* HE REFERS TO HIMSELF AS PINK POLITICALLY TO eAeHT OF 
READING NEW MASSES, NEW REPUBLIC AND NATION WHICH MAGAZINES HE DES- 
CRIBED AS SLIGHTLY LEFT AND ON RARE OCCASIONS READS DAILY WORKER* HE 
CONSIDERED SOVIET UNION A PROGRESSIVE COUNTRY, FIGHTING TO BE 
REC0GNI2ED BY FAMILY OF NATIONS* HE THOUGHT MANY THINGS GOOD ABOUT 
SOVIET SYSTEM, BUT WAS NEVER SYMPATHETIC ENOUGH TO JOIN CP* 

DURING NINETEEN THIRTY FIVE TO THIRTY SEVEN, CERTAIN FRIENDS AND 
ACQUAINTANCES ASKED HIM TO JOIN, CP BUT HE REFUSED* WHILE EMPLOYED BY 

AMERICAN CHEMICAL PAINT CO* HE TRAVELED TO CHICAGO, CINCINNATI, NY, 

T- <h 

PITTSBURGH, UILPAUKEE BUT NEVER FARTHER WEST*!! DES MOINES* IN 
EUROPE SEPT* TO DEC* FORTY NINE, VISITING ITALY, SWITZERLAND, 

LHXEMDORG, LICHTENSTEIN, BELGIUM, HOLLAND, FRANCE, NORWAY, SWEDEN, 

DENMARK WITH STOPOVER IN SCOTLAND. TRIP FOR PURPOSE OF SERVICE AND 
SALES OF CO. PRODUCTS. FROM EARLY MAY TO JUNE NIUE, FIFTY MADE SECOND 
TRIP TO EUROPE SPENDING TIME AT FIAT AUTO PLANT TURINO, ITALY, WHERE 
HE DID SERVICE WORK ON FINISHING SYSTEM SUPPLIED BY HIS CO. NY ALREADY 
HAS INTERVIEWED VERA KANE* REQUESTED TO CHECK INDICES, INTERROGATE 
LOGICAL INFORMANTS AND DEVELOP ANY BACKGROUND POSSIBLE REGARDING ffELLER-S 
RESIDENCE IN NY. SUGGEST BUREAU MAY DETERMINE 
THRU CIA IF 1IELLER-S ACTIVITIES IN EUROPE SUSPICIOUS. HELLER SIGNED 
VOLUNTARY AUTHORIZATION TO SEARCH RESIDENCE AND THIS SEARCH HADE MIGHT 
OF JUNE SIXTEEN 
FJ1D PAGE THREE 



PAGE FOUU 

SEARCH OF HELLER-S ROOM MADE AND 

COMPLETED WITHOUT DEVELOPING ANYTHING OF VALUE TO INSTANT INVESTIGA- 
TION. HELLER CONTINUING WITH PLANS TO PE HARRIED THREE O-C.LOCK 
AFTERNOON JUNE SEVENTEEN AND TO SPEND HONEYMOON IN STONE, VERMONT. 
RELLER-S BRIDE TO BE ROSE MC GETTIGAH ONE TWO ONE EIGHT TUURMAM ST., 
CAMDEN, II. j. DIVORCE RECORDS AT PHILA. REFLECT HELLER MARRIED 
DOROTHY F. WISWELL, JULY NINETEEN FORTY THREE IN NYC. AT TIME OF 
MARRIAGE HE RESIDED ONE NAUGHT FIVE E. GOWEN AVE., PHILA. THOMAS 
L* BLACK ACTED AS WITNESS AT THE WEDDING* HELLER HAS DIVORCED BY 
HI SHELL FEB. FORTY FIVE FOR QUOTE INDIGNITIES, CRUEL AND BARBAROUS 
TREATMENT UNQUOTE. HELLER-S RESIDENCE IN FEB. FORTY FIVE INDICATED 
AS NEW HOTEL JEFFERSON, THE 

FTH BLVD. AND LOCUST ST., ST. LOUIS, 

no. ( • : 

CORNELIUS 

CORRECTION PAGE THREE LINE ELEVEN AFTER WORD FARTHER SHD READ WEST TUAN 
FTC. 

NEW YORK AMD NEWARK ACK AND DISC 

wash Hold ' 

[JEW YORK Pll R 2 NYC JD 
NEWRK ADS PH R 2 NK FCW 



G-lS-30 7-32 FT) 




i 




Washington li-ti t\i York 5 neuark l from pkila 

DIRECTOR A HP SACS 


FERDINAND P.. HELLER, ESP - R. HELLER VISITED PHILA OFFICE El ME 
FORTYFIVE AM THIS DATE. IDENTIFIED PICTURE OF FRANCIS KAPLAN A3 
PROBABLY INDIVIDUAL KNOWN BY HELLER AS AGNES AT FIVE TEN HUDSON 
ST., NY. DESCRIPTIONS TALLY. NEW YORK REFER TO PH I LA LET 
APRIL TWENTYFIVE, FIFTY, RE FRANCES KAPLAN, AKA. HISS AGNES, 
SECURITY NATTER - C, PHILA FILE ONE HUNDRED DASH TL'EUTVONE NAUGHT 
NAUGHT SIX. HELLER ELABORATED ON STATEMENT OF VERA l'ANE RE HAPPY 
COLD BEING QUOTE A BAD EGG UNQUOTE BY RELATING THAT KANE VISITED 
HELLER AT PHILA IN NINETEEN FORTYFOUR SHORTLY AFTER H ELLER- S 
SEPARATION FROM DOROTHY WISUELL AN)) APPROXIMATELY ONE UEEH BFFOHE 
HELLED WENT TO CHICAGO. HELLER 'ALSO RELATED IN REGARD TO GOING TO 
RUSSIA THAT IT WAS HIS IMPRESSION UAlIE PLANNED TO GO WITH HELLER 

AND .BLACK. REGARDING KANE-S DENIAL THAT SHE EVEP. LIVED WJ.T’ r 

« 

HELLER, HELLER STATES THAT ONE MR. LAURENTS PARENTHESIS FIRST 
WANE UNKNOWN PARENTHESIS, THE LANDLORD AT THREE TH-IRTYFIVE WEST 
ELEVENTH ST., WHO WAS SENT TO PRISON PROBABLY TWO YEARS AGO FOR 



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Jljr/n? 1950 

rfji Nf v/ark 


>/ 


EITt) PAGE ONE 


X 

PAGE TWO 

A RENT VIOLATION, COULD VERIFY HIS LIVING WITH KANE A3 COULD A 
MRS. WALSH, THE CARETAKER AT THREE THIRTYFIVE WEST ELEVENTH ST., 

WHO RESIDED ACROSS THE STREET FROM THAT ADDRESS IN THE HOUSE 
WHERE GENE TUNNEY WAS BORN. HELLER STATED TV? AT , AFTER HIS FREAK 
WITH VERA KANE, NUMEROUS INDIVIDUALS HAD KEYS TO HER APARTMENT 
AND APARTMENT REFERRED TO AS QUOTE HAYWIRE HUT UNQUOTE. WELLER 
ALSO IDENTIFIED ONE JOHN WALDO AS BEING CLOSE FRIEND OF VERA KANE 
AND ONE WHO MIGHT BE ABLE TO FURNISH INFO RE KANE AND BLACK* 

ANOTHER CLOSE FRIEND OF THOMAS BLACK, FERDINAND HELLER AND VERA 
KANE IDENTIFIED BY HELLER AS HARRY DELALIAN WHO WORKS FOR CALCO, 
BOUND BROOK, N. J., AND WHO RESIDES AT RUTHERFORD, N. J* HEW 

York, during interview with kane, should obtain full details re 

ABOVE TRIP TO PHILA TO VISIT HELLER AND ALSO ESTABLISH IDENTITY 
. OF JOHN 'WALDO WHO SHOULD ALSO BE INTERVIEWED IF DEEMED ADVISABLE* 
NEWARK REQUESTED TO LOCATE AND INTERVIEW HARRY DELALIAN RE HIS 
KNOWLEDGE OF HELLER, BLACK, AND KANE. FOR NEWARK-S INFO - DELALIAN, 
BLACK AND HELLER WERE ALL CHARTER MEMBERS OF QUOTE THE LIBERAL 
CLUB UNQUOTE AT PENNA STATE COLLEGE, LATE TWENTIES. CLUB WAS 
ATHEISTIC AND OPPOSED TO COMPULSORY R. 0. T. C. TRAINING AND COM- 
PULSORY ATTENDANCE AT RELIGIOUS CHAPEL. 

CORNELIUS 

4 

ACK IN ORDER AND SIC 
WA Ml R .li UA 




COUF THREE STI!S 


WASHINGTON -V, 


PHILADELPHIA 


AND NEWARK 


urn 

14 Ltl« 


vnntr 

l VUVJ k 


20 9-3PP 


di he ctop and sacs urgent 

■ L 

FERDINAND PHILIP HELLER, UA., ESP. - R. PHILA REQUESTED TO FORWARD PHOTOS 
OF HELLER FOR EXHIBITION TO INFORMANTS* JOHN L. HAS MENTIONED PY 
VERA KANE IN A PREVIOUS INTERVIEW AS THE NICKNAME FOR BROTHER OF CHARLES 
FRIEFIELD WHO BLACK TOOK INTO HIS APARTMENT IN NEWARK SOMETIME PRIOR TO 
NINETEEN THIRTY EIGHT. JOHN L. OR CHARLES FRIEFIELD ALLEGEDLY INTRO DP CFO 
BLACK TO A TROT SKY ITE GROUP. EFFORTS TO LOCATE FRANCES KAPLAN AKA MISS 
ACMES FOR INFORMATION SET OUT IN PHILA LET APRIL TWENTY FIVE LAST HAVE 
BEEN NEGATIVE TO DATE. CHECK WAS MADE OF INFORMANTS AND OF MARRIAGE 
RECORDS IN NYC. REGARDING REINTERVIEW OF VERA KANE AT THIS TIME FOLLOW- 
ING IS -NOTED. IN INTERVIEWS THUS FAR SHE HAS BEEN EVASIVE AND FAS DE- 
NIED KNOWLEDGE OF ESPIONAGE ACTIVITIES SUCH AS HAVE DEEM DESCRIB'D BY 
BLACK HELLER AND GOLD. THEREFORE IT IS BELIEVED THAT FURTHER INTERVIEWS 
WITH HER SHOULD BE HELD IN ABEYANCE PENDING RECEIPT OF ALL INFO A' W 'UT 
HER WHICH MIGHT BE OBTAINED FROM ALL PERSONS BEING INTERVIEWED IN INSTANT 
CASE INCLUDING BLACK, GOLD AND HELLER. WHEN SUCH INFO IS RECEIVED IT 
IS CONTEMPLATED SHE WILL BE INTERVIEWED AT LENGTH IN AN EFFORT TO 
STRAIGHTEN OUT ALL THE DISCREPANCIES IN HER STORY AND TO GET HEP TO TELL 
THE COMPLETE TRUTH OF HER KNOWLEDGE OF SOVIET ESPIONAGE ACTIVITIES. 
SCHEIDT 

PH ACK AND DISC, WA & NK HOLD 
nr MY R 2-3 PW HKF 


1 ? fX 

C ' I 


-T::- ' 111 

SfAiv Ilf*. Mfifxrr* .. . 
•KHIAI in.jff/Y 

JUN Ho 1950 

.Jfcll.NtWAftK 


r— i btano^uo foum no, M 





Memorandum • 




UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT 


TO s 
FROM i 
SUBJECT: 


SAC S. K. MC KEE 
SA THOMAS F.. JONES 

THOMAS L. BLACK, Was. 

ESPIONAGE - R 


uATE: June 19, 1950 


Special Agents CLARK D. TOMPKINS, RICHARD E. BRITSON, G. RANDALL 
MC GOUGH and the writeiystarted a surveillance on the subject at 6:00 AM on June 
18, 1950 at the ALEXANDRIA- HAMILTON HOTEL, Church Street, Paterson, New Jersey. 

At 10:15 AM the subject entered the lobby of the hotel from the 
elevator, in the company of two qen identified from the hotel register as EMORY 
RICHARDS, GLENDALE, Rhode Island, and PERCY H. HELIE, Worcester, Massachusetts. 
All three proceeded directly into the hotel restaurant. 

At 10:45 AM the three men left the lunchroom together. They stopped 
at the desk and BLACK asked the clerk on duty if a Notary Public were available. 
The Clerk told him no. BLACK then told the other two men that a druggist friend 
of his was a Notary Public and would come over. 


At 10: 55 AM BLACK, RICHARDS and HELIE checked out of the hotel and 
proceeded to the hotel parking lot where they entered a gray 1950 Club coupd 
Chrysler, bearing 1950 Mass, license plates #715-248* This car proceeded to 177 
East Railway Avenue, Paterson, New Jersey where the three men left the automobile 
and entered the plant. JACOB FASS was observed at this time when he opened the 
door of the plant for BLACK and his companions. 

There was no activity observed in the vicinity of 17? East Railway 
Avenue until 1:45 PI! when RICHARDS and HELIE were observed leaving in the gray 
Chrysler. BLACK and FASS accompanied them from the plant to the automobile and it 
appeared the parties were very friendly. 


At 3*35 PM FASS and BLACK left the plant and proceeded to Getty Avenue 
and Thomas Street, Paterson, by foot where BLlCK mailed a letter. At this point 
BLACK was overheard by the writer to say to FASS "Don’t lecture me." 


,'FASS and BLACK proceeded to the Madison Plaza Grill at Getty Avenue 
and Gerry Street, Paterson, where they entered the grill. 


: ) 

TFJ :CHM 

m 65-4074 


/£! 


| / nr 

F ‘l A! 1 


! !> VJSC 





NK 65-4074 
Memo SAC 


At 4s 10 PM BLACK and FASS emerged from the grill and proceeded to 
Walk across the viaduct to Beckwith Avenue and then down Beckwith Avenue to 
a email park which they entered and sat down. 

BLACK and FASS remained in this park talking until 4 55 PM at which 
time they walked back to the plant located at 177 East Railway 'Avenue, 
Paterson, arriving at 5:10 PM. 

The rest of the surveillance is covered in the memorandum of 
Agent DELTON GOERKE. 


i 



: 


fttlNOA'lD row* MO. (M 

* Office Memorandum • united states government 

to : S. K. McKee, SAC date; 6/20/50 

from s P.oB 1 *!® 14 C. Vincent, SA. 

SUBJECT: THCMAS L. BLACK 
ESFIQttAGF - E 


IBNEST SEGE3SB4AISN was interviewed at the laboratory of Fine Organise, 
Inc, 2C5 Main St, Lodi, NJ, by SA TECMAS M. O' CONN® and the writer. 

SEGISSEMlMtW advised that his memory is very poor and all date? 
furnished would be approximate. Ee furnished the following information. 

He met THCMAS BLACK through CLIFFORD HWZNER, a fellow worker 
with SEGESSBIANK at Nat'l Oil Products Co, Harr i eon, HJ. BLACK end UEVEUER 
had attended Pennsylvania State College together and SE0E3SEMAHN believed 
BLACK had been expelled from that institution for atheistic activity. The 
meeting with BLACK occurred in 1929 SEGESSIMANN believed but vae certain that 
it was during the time BLACK was employed at the Holbrook Manufacturing Co, 
Jersey City. 

Subsequently, BLACK, SEGBSSEMANN and H EVEN IP. roomed together at 
Sip St (number unknown], Jersey City, for approximately 7 months. 

In 193- , SFGESSiMANN and BLACK left HEVTJJER and took an apartment 
together at 55 Oxford St, Newark. 

In about either 1932 or 1933, BLACK obtained a position in the 
laboratory of Nnt'l Oil ft'oducts Co. and this was largely through the efforts 
of SFGISSLMAHH. 



BLACK remained at Nat’l Oil Products u o. until l^jh when he vent 
Into business on his own In Newark as a chemical oonsul tant. This employment 
was followed by employment with the Charles Berg Leborator lea In Philadelphia. 
On leaving Holbrook BLACK helped HARBY GOLD to botain the position which he 
had Just left in that company. 


NE 65-1(07^ 

RCV/MMcD 




SEARCHtD'.., 1NDF.XEU t- 

SER1M irEt: FILEt* 

JUN 21 1950 

f e» - NEWARK^ . 


I 



/ 



UK 65-U074 


About this time GOLD made frequent visits to the Oxford 8t. apart- 
ment ostensibly to gain knowledge and know hov concerning his new Job from 
BLACK. 


SEGESSEMANN had no knowledge where or when BLACK and GOLD first 
met but Is sure the meeting occurrred prior to the time he bimaelf met BLACK. 
He believes their acquaintance may have begun at the Pennsylvania Sugar Re- 
finery in Philadelphia where GOLD had been employed prior to his coming to 
Holbrook. 


GOLD*e visits to BLACK's apartment continued until 1937 when 
SEGESSEMANN was sent by N&t'l Oil ftroducts to Cedartovn, Ga. 

SEGESSEMANN remained In Cedartown, Ga, for one year end upon re- 
turning to Newark, NJ, In 1938* occupied a separate apartment In the same 
apartment building on Oxford St but In a different unit from the one BLACK 
occupied. 


SEGESSEJ1ANN moved to Wood Ridge, NJ, In 19^1, and left his employ- 
ment with Nat*l Oil Products Co. In 19^2, when he vent to Fine Organics, 
Inc., Lodi, NJ. 

SEGESSEMANN volunteered the Information that BLACK had told him 
he had been a member of the CP in Jersey City during the early 1930s. He 
placed the period as sometime around 1933 or 193^* BLACK was not an 
aggressive member but attended meetings regularly and SEGESSEMANN knew that 
BLACK on one occasion delivered the DAILY WORKER. BLACK had an acquaintance 
with Party members and people In union circles in and around Jersey c ity and 
Newark, NJ, but the Identity of these people are ujikxiown to SEGESSEMANN. 

The first break with the Party SEGESSEMANN believes came when 
the Party wanted BLACK to form a CP cell at Nat*l Oil Products Co. This 
BLACK refused to do. The final break with the Party came at the time of 
the Ruseo-Gerraan Pact prior to World War II. It was SEGESSEMAN'e Im- 
pression that BLACK became disgusted with the Party at the signing of thlB 
pact. During the period of his membership SEGESSEMANN gained the Impression 
that BLACK favored the Russian form of government. 

After leaving the Party, BLACK became a Socialist of the NORMAN 
THCMAS school. On one occasion BLACK remarked to SEGESSEMANN that he was 
a Socialist and not a Marxist. 

Prior to Joining the Party, BLACK attended meetings of the 
American Association for the Advancement of Atheism In New York City. 

BLACK has been a professed atheist since SEGESSEMANN has known him. 


- 2 - 



1 




NK 65*4074 


SEOESSEllAHN has no knowledge of any activity of BLACK with the 3VP 
and specifically stated that he waa certain that BLACK hod never made h trip 
to Chicago for the purpose of attending ft convention or otherwise. 



SEGESSEMANN pointed out that during the visits of HARRY GOLD to the 
ELACK apartment he overheard GOLD and BLACK encage in political discussions 
and he was definite that BLACK attempted to convince GOLD of the merits of 
Cdnrciunl am and GOLD appeared to be anti Communi at/ 


With regard to CLIFFORD HEVUJER, SEGISSEMANH believed he bad been \ 
much opposed to BLACK*8 Communist ideas but BLACK never tried to change hie j 

mind. 




HEVENER left Kat*l Oil Products Co In 1936 to work for the Atlas 
Refinery In IJevr.rk. SEGELSEMA13I described HEVENEB as being a negative or 
backward type of person. 

As to himself, SEGESSEMAHN said that In the beginning BLACK sovnd* 
ei him out ac to his political views and Ideology and on finding him opposed 
to BLACK**!, made no further effort to discuss It. 


As te other acquaintances of BLACK, SEGESSEMAISH advised that 
FEKD1HAHT. (FERH ) HELLER had visited the apartment in Hewer k approalmately 
5 or h times a year. HELLER had also been a student at Pennsylvania State 
College and SEGESSIMAHW believed their first meeting took place there. HELLER 
■was then employed by the Pennsylvania Sugar Co. in Philadelphia, and 
SEGESSEMANN believed HELLER was also acquainted with HAKRY GOLD from that y 
employment. HELLER woo believed by SEGESSEMANN to be now working as a 
chemist with American Chemical Faint Co. In Philadelphia. 



Another acquaintance of BLACK was mentioned as JACK PASS who bad 
sleo been an employee at Hat’l Oil Products Co. On leaving that organiza- 
tion, he hod started a small business In Philadelphia for the manufacture 
of a cleaning compound. SEGESSEMAHN beliared he had moved to Paterson, HJ, 
cud veakiovn as the Spruoe Chemical Co. He also understood that BLACK was , 
considering taking employment with FASS In the Spruce Co, 

8ECESSEMANH stated that he was acquainted with JACK FASS having 
teen employed at Nst'l Oil fl-oducts Co. with him but stated he recalled no 
visits of that individual to the Oxford St. apartment. 

Also regarding FASS, SEGESSEMAHH advised that he was wider the Im- 
pression that FASS had sublet BLAEK's apartment when the latter left to take, 
employment In Philadelphia. He understood that the sublet was for the pur- 
pose of FASS' family residing there. 




- 3 - 



I « 





NK 65-UoT 1 * 


I 


i 

I 


i 



I 


The only other Individual that SEGPSSEMAHR could think of who 
also aBBocieted with BLACK other than the regular employees of Nat'l 
Oil Products Co waa one CHARLES IRIEFIELD who SEGESSEMANN advised moved 
In tc BIACK'b apartment during the period of BIACK'a hoepl tall nation. 




SEGESSEMANN also advised that during hie acquaintance with 
BLACK, he had learned hi a father had been a professor In a Pennsylvania 
collage and he had a step mother whom he very much disliked. He recalled 
that BLACK had changed his name from LASSO to THOMAS as a consequence of 
his having received a great deal of kidding about that name. 



SEGESSEMANN described BLACK as a man of many interests who would 
suddenly take an intereet In some particular subject such as wild life or 
photography and then would spend a great deal of time and money on it for a 
short period and then forget it. He said he did not believe BLACK would 
commit espionage inasmuch as he considered him to be a mental coward end 
for that reason would not dare to commit auch an act. He added that money 
was epparently of not Interest to BLACK, that he vaa a good natured, likable 
eort of fellow but one who kept his own counsel. He added that It waB 
quite possible for BLACK to have carried on such activity while living with 
him since he was that type of person. As an example of BLACK' 0 good natured- 
neee, he explained that BLACK had made considerable effort to place HARRY 
GOLD'S brother JOE In some type of laboring position at Nat'l Oil Products 
Co. •• 


SEBESSEMANTf advised that BLAOK'e chief interest was in hia wcrk in 
the chemistry and bacteriology field and he took a great Interest in photo- 
graphy having considerable knowledge and experience in the field. He had 
studied all phases of photography Including color photography and micro 
photography, the latter being a subject which BLACK used to considerable 
extent in the laboratory at Nat'l Oil Products Co. ELACK had no dark room 
in bis apurtment during the period of SEGFSSFMAUIs 'a residence there but did 
hie photographic work In the laboratory at hie place of employment. 

SEGEESSMANN added that BLACK waa painstaking ond efficient but not 
in the least ambitious. He said ELACK vaa not a drinker or eexuelly ab- 
normal In any way. 

SEGESSPMAIfl* advised that he neTer received the impression that 
BLACK waa engaged in any form of auspicious or illegal activity, and he vae 
never aware that BLACK kept any papers or material of an unauthorized nature 
in the apartment. 


He further advised he had no knowledge of HARRY GOLD asking for or 
receiving any lnfonaation from BLACK except in regard to the Job which GOLD 
took over from BLACK at the Holbrook Manufacturing Co. 



HE 65-^07U 


SEGEBSENAEM had no knovledge of BLACK hating any acquaintance or 
aseoclation with any one of Russian origin. 

With regard to BLACK's connection with Fina Organics, Inc., 
SEGESSEMANN advised that although BLACK vaa not on the regular payroll of 
the company he had for a number of years served es a consultant and did re- 
ceive compensation for same. 

8ECESSEMANH also advised he had no knovledge whatsoever of ALIRED 
LEAH SLACK and that he retained nothing of BLACK' e personal property. 


Based on the Information furnished by the Philadelphia Office 
regarding the interview with BLACK, SEGESSEMANN was questioned specifically 
concerning the following points; 


Any knowledge he might have had of Block and/or FEREINAJ1T P. BELLES 
ever having any desire to go to Russia; 

whether or not BLACK ever acted as a consultant for Amtorg Trading 


Cerp; 

any knowledge SEGESSEMANN might have of PAUL PETERS CM, GEORGE JOHN 

or JACK; 

whether or not BLACK was visited by HARRY GOLD while at the 
hospital In 1?J8; 

• any knowledge SEGESSEMANN might have concerning BB. ROBERT SWARTZ 
or SCHWARTZ; 

any intention or mention by BLACK of going to Mexico City; 
whether or not BLACK had ever Intended or mentioned the Intention 
of getting a Job with Kelax, a subsidiary of Kellog Engineering Co; 

any photographs or documents that BLACK might have ecnoernlng 
Trotsky; and whether or not BLACK had ever traveled to Chicago. 


About none of the above points was SEGESSEMANN able to furnish 
Information except In the negative. 

SEGESSEMANN advised that neither BLACK nor HELLER had ever mention- 
ed going to Russia nor had BALCK ever mentioned any desire to go to Mexico 
City or to be employed by Kelex. 

Specifically SECESSEMANN advised that he was positive BLACK had 
not traveled to Chicago et any time and particularly not for the , SWP 
convention. SEGESSEMANN was questioned several times on this point and 
be advised that it would have been virtually Impossible for BLACK to make 
such a trip without SEGESSEMANN ' s knovledge. 


- 5 - 


UK 65-4074 


§ ' f 


During the course of the afternoon Investigation, SEGESSB 4 AI 7 N 
volunteered the sear oh of any photographs and papers he night have In 
order to make doubly certain that he has no material pertaining to CLACK. 
In line with this, a waiver of search was secured from SEGESSEMANN and 
vitb his cooperation the agents searched the SEGE3SEMAMN home at 165 12th 
Et, Wood-BiAge, NJ. During the course of this search no material of any 
kind pertaining to BLACK or other known prinoipalu was noticed. In this 
connection it was noticed there was very little correspondence in the 
SEGESSEMANN home although he was in possession of hundreds of photographs 
most of which vere of the post card variety and others taken upon his 
several trips to Europe. 

8 EGPSSIMAKN furnished the following background information con- 
cerning himself : 

NAME: 


BORN: 

JEW! EE ED U.S. 
NATURALIZED: 
MABITAL STATUS: 


Be furnished the following record of post residences: 

1 92 1- I 922 Hawthorne, NJ (St address unknown) 

1922- 1?2J Rooming house on l8th St, New York, NY 

1923- 1924 Various rooming houses in Bayonne, NJ (St addresses unknown) 

1924 Carteret St, Bloomfield, NJ 

1924- 1928 Morris Ave, Springfield, NJ 

1928- 1929 c/o HAZEL SCHAFFER, High St, Newark 

1 929 - about 1931 Sip St, Jersey City 
1031-1937 55 Oxford St, Newark 

1937- 1938 Cedartovn, Ga. 

1938- 1941 Lexington St, Newark 

19^1 -pres 165 12th St, Wood-Ridge, Bergen County, IIJ 

EMPLOYMENT 

1921- 1922 American Zelolite Co, Paterson, NJ; student chemint 

1922- 1923 Grey-Finn Printing, Inc, 19 th St, New York City; laborer 

1923- 1924 Tidewater Oil Co, Bayonne, N J ; chemist 

Fall °\ Nat*l Oil Products Co, Harrison, NJ; chemist 
1024-1942 


ERNEST GOTTLIEB SEBESSB1AUN 
(Gottlieb, dropped years ago and 
not used) 

3/28/01, Thun, Switzerland 
1921 at Hoboken, NJ 
U. S. Citizen Sept, 1927, at Newark 
Married HARRIET ROGERS 2/21/43, at 
New York, NY. Wife born 4/16/99, at 
Meadville, Pa. 


• 6 - 



19^2 to preoent Fine Organics, me, 205 MO in Lodi, MJ. 


EDUCATION 


193.0-1920 Uni ■» era ity of Bern, Switzerland; no degree 
19£U-1927 flight School, Cooper Union; BS Degree 

1927-19;5 Might School, Columbia University; Master of Science Degr 


ffTANDAMO FOAM MO. It 


Office AI £ morandum • united states government 

TO « SAC, NEWARK DATE: June 20, 1950 

prom « 9A ROYAL A. MC GRAW 

SUBJECT: THOMAS L. P1ACK, Was. 

ESPIONAGE - R 


Re: N. Y, teletype dated June 17, 1950 In regard to the possibility 
of Black's having contacted Ovakimian or Podbielniak for information in 
regard to the manufacture of penicillin and related products* 


Mr. MAURICE BACON COOKE, 969 May Fairway, Plainfield, New Jersey, 
advised, on June 19, 1950, that as a representative of the American 
Locomotive Company, he had frequent association with Giak Ovakimian, who 
was associated with Amtorg in New York City. He advised he was also acquain- 
ted to some extent with Podbielniak, Inc. of Tulsa, Oklahoma and Chicago, 
Illinois. He said that he had never heard of Thomas L* Black through 
Ovakimian or any other source. 

Mr. COOKE advised that as a representative of American Locomotive 
Company he had the duty of showing many Russian commissions through dif- 
ferent industrial plants in the United States during the period of time 
from 1935 to 1940, and. that he has visited Russia on occasions to secure 
contracts for the American Locomotive Company* 

He advised that he has furnished information to the FBI in New York 
on a number of occasions, and that he has also furnished information to 
the Department of Justice in Washington, D. C. concerning his travels in 
Russia. 

Mr. CO )KE furnished the following names of people whom he described 
as being very closely associated with Podbielniak, Inc., Chicago, Illinois: 

Mr. JOSEPH MINN EV ITCH, who is employed with the Stone 
Webster Company, Boston, Massachusetts. 

Mr. GUS fcGLOFF, who is employed with L^e Universal 
Laboratories, 312 South Michigan Boulevard, Chicago, 

Illinois. 

i :_(33 

SEA ^ r-TTyr.r ^ 

SERK ».M * 

JUN 201950 | 


NK 65-4074 
RAM: LB 



UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT 


'Office Memorandum • 

TO , SAC S. K. MC KEE date: 6 / 20/50 

F»OM , SA BERLYN H. CLOW 

SUBJECT: THOMAS L. BLACK 
ESPIONAGE - R 


Period covers 6/17/50: 

JAMES T. CASSELL, Manager of the Douglas Hotel, 15 Hill St., Newark, 
Advised that his records reflect the subject checked into the hotel at 1:17 
a.ra. on 6/17/50 and checked out at 7:35 q.m. the same date. CA3SELL advised 
thAt there were no phone calls made from the subject's room and the subject 
apmrently had .no baggage because the room was paid for in advance. 

IIN'IOOD CHE 'S, the only bellhop in attendance on Saturday night, ad- 
vised that he had noticed no visitors to the subject's room during his stay at 
th*» hotel. 


Mrs. JAMS FRASER, 17 Oxford St., Newark, NJ, Unit 4, Apartment E-3> 
advised that she lived in this apartment building in various apartments for 14 
years, and recalled the subject as a rather mysterious individual who was sel- 
dom seen os or about the premises of the apartment building. Mrs. FRASER 
stated that from her recollection she knew the subject was a chemist and that 
he kept strange pets in the apartment such as white rats, snakes and at one 
time a black crow. Mrs. FRASER stated that she thought the subject's actions 
were mysterious because he bothered to keep an apartment and was so seldom 
in it. 


LEE RYAN, 55 Oxford St., Unit #1, Anartment E-5, advised that he re- 
called the subject had resided in this apartment building for many years, but 
that the subject was a quiet individual who seemed to requirs no companionship 
and for the most part kept to himself. MARION K03H3IS, 17 Oxford St., Unit 
6, Apartment C-2, advised that she had been acquainted with the subject for 
the past ten years, but she had never been very closely associated wit'i him 
and stated that in her opinion the subject had no close friends and few if any 
visitors to his apartment. Miss KOSRBIS stated that ahe h3d heard from the 
Janitor that the subject kept expensive cameras and valuable books in his 
acartment an^ therefore was extremely careful about the people whom he al- 
lowed in the apartment. 


t 


stf 


ri.ft'tPMt W !■' >*P 

1 Mil !' 

JUN 20 1950 

s m * Mtw.sK*: ^ 




PHC: F3 
KWK 65-4074 


( 


M5”0 TO SAC S.K. MC KEF, 

BHCsFS 

NWK 65-kOlU 


6 / 20/50 


Mrs. ELIZABETH KOERBIS, 17 Oxford St. Unit 6, Apartment C-2, 
advised that she also had been slightly acquainted with the subject but 
that he was the type of person who did not cultivate friendliness. Mrs. 
KOERBIS stated that from the gossip and rumors around the apartment building 
the subject had been described as a quiet fellow who preferred his own company 
and did not desire to become friendly with any of the other tenante. Mre. 
KOERBIS recalled that the subject had been seriously burned several years 
ago and the accident had supposedly occurred while he was employed by the 
National Oil Products Co., Harrison, NJ. 

BENJAMIN LEVITT, proprietor of Levitt's Drug Store, Flemming and 
Lexington Sts., Newark, advised that he recalled the subject had lived in 
the nearby apartment building for many years, but that the subject was a 
quiet individual who had frequented the drug store on numerous occasions 
but never gave any reason to question his loyalty to the US. LEVITT stated 
that he knew of no personal acquaintances of the subject other than one 
2R V EST .SEW'ES iRMANN who had shared an apartment with the subject many years 
ago. LEVITT stated that both of the men were ouiet and well behaved. 

WILLIAM KNOWLES, Detective, Newark, NJ PD, advised that he had 
lived in the same apartment building with the subject for a number of years, 
but at no time was given any reason to question his loyalty to the US. 

KNOWLES stated that he knew the subject had been employed at National 
Oil Products Company and that he was a chemist and upon leaving the apart* 
ment at Oxford St. he had gone to Philadelphia. 

MARGARET CULLEN, Clerk at Chellie-Austin Apartments, renting office, 
Newark, NJ, where the subject resided from 1932 to 1937, advised that she had 
been acquainted with the subject but knew only that he resided in the apart- 
ment and was considered a rather eccentric individual because of his strange 
pets. Mrs. CUIJ FM stated that she has no reason to question the subject's 
loyalty to the US. 

BETTY KENNEOY, 55 Oxford St., Unit 1, Apartment E-2, advised that she 
had been employed in the renting office of the apartment building for 15 years 
and recalled the subject had resided in this apartment building for many years. 
Mrs. KENNEDY stated that ehe tnd been acquainted with the subject but that he 
was a quiet reserved individual who did not eeem to care for friendship with 
other tenants. 


2 


MEMO TO SAC S. K. MC KEE 

BHCtFS 

NWK 65-4074 


6 / 20/50 


EDWARD DRYDEN, Maintenance Engineer at the Chellie-Auatin Apartments, 
advised that he had been employed as an engineer for about ten years there 
and that he had met the subject on several occasions. DPYDEN stated that 
the subject had never said or done anything which would indicate that he was 
anything but a loyal American citizen. DRYDEN stated that from his limited 
contact with the subject, he was of the opinion that the subject was a happy- 
go-lucky fellow who did not bother anybody and left the impression with hie 
associates that he would rather be left alone. 

IRVING STEGEL, Proprietor of the Prudential Delicatessen, 52 Flemming 
St., Newark, advised that he has been the proprietor of the store for about 
ten years and the subject had patrinized his store many times during this 
period. SIEGEL stated that the subject was/onsidered eccentric because of 
the strange pets he kept in his apartment, white rats, black crow, etc. 

SIEGEL stated that he was not intimately associated with the subject be- 
cause the subject on most occasions kept to hi.i^elf and did not reso-’j'iend 
friendly annroaches. 

The following individuals interviewed at the Chellis-Austin 
Amrtments, Newark, NJ, advised that they were not acquainted with the 
subject: 


WILIIAU GALLAGHER 
MRS. Z. NEU SCHAEFER 
MRS. n. DULA 



UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT 


Office Memorandum • 

TO * 3. K. VC KEE, SAC ® ATE; June 20, 19$0 

PROM i oerharO P. HUNUT, SA 

SUBJECT: THOMAS L. BLACK was 
ESFJONAOE-R 


The following investigation was conducted by the writer on 6/19/50? 

Mrs. HENRY JAMMER, 1 Arlington Road, Cranford, New Jersey, advised 
that PAUL MI LI APS from whom she has rented the house at this address since 
last fall, is an elderly nan; a retired professor who is at the present 
time residing at 230 South 80th Street, Birmingham, Alabama. Vrs. JAMMER 
stated that she heard that WILLIAMS may accept a position at Howard College, 
Birmingham, Alabama. 

Records of the Cranford Police Department contained no information 
concerning PAUL WILLIAMS other than that he was once involved in a family 
quarrel on which no action was taken. 

CHESTER and GORDON JURADINE, Brothers, both of whom formerly worked 
for the American Cyanamid Company, Linden, New Jersey, are now employed by the 
Ha rshaw -Chemical Company, Cleveland, Ohio, According to Mr. S. HANNA, Assistant 
Plant Manager, American Cyanamid Company. 


QILFORD CHRISTENSEN, Owner Christensen Department Store, 97 Main Street, 
W'oodbridge, New Jersey, advised that he had been a fellow employee of the 
subject at American Cyanamid Company in approximately 1929 or 1930. He recalled 
that the outstanding factor concerning BLACK was that the latter had heon an 
ardent atheist and had been president of the American Association for Advancement 
of Atheists at some college in Pennsylvania, doss ibly Lehigh, CHRISTENSEN advised 
that BJ.ACK had been a reliable worker who left the oompany of his own accord 
and stated he had never heard of BLACK doing or saying arything that could be 
considered un-American. He stated that he knew nothing of the subject's activities 
or associates outside of the plant/and named the following additional employees 
of the Cyanamid Company who might recall BLACK? atoPaTL 


Mr. 


WILLIAM BOTHKELL 
James v. priff 

MONTAGUE HUTCHINSON 

ROGERS ORAVELL > , , . . _ 

! : " " / »25 

ROGERS GRAVELL, Works Technologist, American Cyanamid Company, Linden, 


iEAircmc. . . . in or/ c o . 

.. vu fc ^ 

JUN 2 " 1950 


H3I - llcW/ UK 



NK 65-U07U 
0PH?MVcL . 



New Jersey, advised that he could not recall the subject. 

WTLIIAM BOTHWELL, Department Supervisor, American Cyanamid Company, 
Linden, New Jersey, stated that he knew BLACK as a fellow employee aporo*ioately 
twenty years ago. He advised that to his knowledge BLACK had never said or 
done anything that BOTHWELL would consider to be against the best interests 
of this country. He recalled that there had been a rumor to the effect 
that BLACK read the Daily Worker for awhile durine the time the subject was 
enrol oyed at the plant but that BLACK stopped reading it after some religious 
discussion with fellow workers, during which BLACK generally SDoke in favor of 
atheism. BOTHWELL pointed out that this was "second hand" information and that 
he did not know from whom he had heard this since it was such a long time ago. 

He stated that he knew of no activities or associates of BLACK'S outside of his 
employment with this company. 

JAMES V. PRIFF, Chemist, American Cyanamid Company, Linden, New Jersey, 
advised that he recalled BLACK as a fellow worker, but since he did not work 
closely with him knew nothing about his political views, character or 
associates. 

Mr. MONTAGUE HUTCHINSON, Chemist, American Cyanamid Company, Linden, 

New Jersey, advised that he recalled BLACK only as a fellow worker and knew of 
no associates or activities outside of the subject's employment at the plant. 

He stated that he could not recall ever having any political discussions 
with BIACK and remembered only that BLACK seemed to be fairly quiet and that 
he got along well with his fellow employees. 



Office Memorandum • united states government 


to > a. K. UC REE, SAC date-. Jane 21, 1950 

FROM t BLAKE E. TURNER, Si 

SUBJECT: THOMAS L. BLACK, was. 

ESPIONAGE - R 


The following Investigation was conducted by SA EUGENE C. JONES 
and the writer on June 20, 1950. 

WILLIAM ZAWXRUCHA, also known as WASIL ZAWYRUCKA and WILLIAM 2ATCRUCKA, 
150 Ellery Avenue, Newark, N, J., was interviewed 'regarding his knowledge of 
THOMAS BLACK. ZAWTRUCHA said that he has worked at the National Oil Products 
Company, Harrison, N. J., for a number of years but was unable to recall when 
he began employment there. He stated he first met THOMAS BLACK when the latter 
came to work at NOPCO In the early 1940 'e. 2AWYRUCHA said that since that 
time he has had little contact with BLACK and he knows nothing of his activities 
or associates. ZAWXRUCHA stated that he knew BLACK merely as another employee 
at NOPCO. 

He continued that BLACK had visited his house on several occasions 
for dinner and that he visited SLACK'S apartment on one occasion, at vfoich 
time BLACK was residing in the Prudential Apartment, Downneck Section, Newark, 

N. J. 2AWYRUCHA said he had no knowledge concerning the activities or asso- 
ciates of subject. He also stated he had no reason whatsoever to question 
subject 'e loyalty or activities. 


ZAWIRUCHA was questioned with regard to several cartons of personal 
belongings of the subject which had been addressed to THOMAS BLACK at the 
Tan Poznack Warehouse, 92 Howard Street, Newark, N. J., on December 6, 1944 
from 158 (or 150) Ellery Avenue, Newark, N. J. ZAVTCRUCHA stated with regard 
to this question that in the latter part of 1944 his brother-in-law, FRANK 
BZIEDZJC, who was a friend of THOMAS BLACK'S, had requested him to temporarily 
store some personal possessions of THOMAS BLACK In his garage at 150 Ellery 
Avenue, Newark, N. J. 2AWIRUCHA stated that he agreed to this on the condition 
that this material would remain 1h ere only temporarily and that BLACK would 
remove it as soon as possible. He could not recall how long the material 
remained in his garage but stated that he urged DZIED2IC on several oocaslons 
to request BLACK to have it removed. Subsequently, this material was picked 
up from his garage. 


EAWTRUCHA stated he did not know the contents of this material nor 
could he describe how much there was. He further stated he had no knowledge 
of tho manner in which it was taken from hie garage and was unable to say 
where it was taken. ZAWTRUCHA disclaimed any other knowledge of instant . 




BET i Hp <•' 
65-4074 


FiHj/V* O r 


JUN 21 

» r.t • ii. v. t... ✓ 


Kamo to SAC 

65^4074 


1950 


Juno 21 , 


material. He stated he did not knoir the relationship between subject and 
CSIED2IC other than the fact that they were fellow employees at NOPOO In 
Harrison* 

ZAWIRUCHA further stated he does not know HARM GOLD or ABRAHAM 

BROTHMAN. 

ZAWIRUCHA said he could furnish no more information concerning 
THOMAS BLACK other than already set out. 

ZAWIRUCHA produced Certificate of Citizenship No. 3274677 dated 
June 18, 1931* which was issued per Petition No. 21491 in the United States 
District Court, Middle District, Pennsylvania. Instant document reflected 
ZAWIRUCHA was bom WASTL ZAWIRUCHA and that his name was officially changed 
by court order June 18, 1931. ZAWIRUCHA stated he was born February 15, 1697 
at Stiiucka (phonetic), Austria. He emigrated to the United States in 1911, 
arriving at the Port of New lork. He has worked as a Janitor and coal miner 
in Newark, N. J., Detroit, Michigan, Cleveland, Ohio, and Taylor, Pennsylvania. 
His citizenship certificate indicates that he is of the Ukrainian race, 
polish nationality, and that he resided 133 Jefferson Street, Taylor, Penn- 
sylvania, in 1931 » 

The following description of 2AWYRUCHA was obtained by observation 
and questioning! 

Age 

Height 

Weight 

Jjyes 

Hair 

Build 

Distinguishing 
Characteristics 

FRANK DZIEDZIC, 176 High Street, Nutley, N. J., who is employed at 
the HoflUann-laRoohe Company, Nutley, N. J., was also interviewed on June 20, 
1950. It will be noted that DZIEDZIC was previously interviewed on June 18, 
1950, at the home of his niece, Mrs. EDWARD N1E3AASECK, who resides at 150 
Ellery Avenue, Newark, N. J. D2IEDZIC stated that he first met TON BLACK at 
the NOPCO Chemical Company, Harrison, N. J., where DZIEDZIC served as an 
assistant bacteriologist under BIACK in that company's laboratory for six to 
seven months. DZIEDZIC further advised that he was also employed as a Janitor 


53 

5« 10" 

195 

Brown 

Black— graying, partially bald 
Stocky 

Wears glasses 



Umo to SAC Juno 21, 1950 

65-4074 


at this company and that he left the company In February, 1943, to enter 
the service, D2IED2IC stated that he befriended the subject. In this regard, 
he stoted that he felt sorry for BLACK, who appeared to him to be an eccentric 
individual. He stated that he has maintained occasional oontact with BLACK 
from the latter part of 1942 until approximately a year ago. He stated that 
while employed at NOPCO BLACK maintained an apartment at the IVudential 
Apartment project in Doimneok Newark. D2IED2IC said be frequently visited 
BLACK at his apartment and that cn several occasions he invited BLACK to dinner 
at the home of his brother-in-law, WILLIAM ZAWYRUCHA, at 150 Ellery Avaiue, 
Newark, N. J. , at whose address DZIEDZIC was also residing at that time. 

DZIEDZIC stated that one JACOB PASS, who was also employed at 
NOPCO and with whom subject was quite friendly, was a frequent visitor to 
BLACK's apartment in Newark. DZIEDZIC said that three or four years ago whon 
BLACK was preparing to move to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the subject asked 
him to temporarily store ten to twelve cardboard cartons of personal belongings 
at his heme. D2IEDZIC stated be explained to BLACK that he was living at 
that time with his brother-in-law and that he would have to secure his consent. 
D2IED2IC thereupon asked his brother-in-law, WILLIAM ZATYRUCHA, for permission 
to allow BLACK to store instant material temporarily in his garage. DZIEDZIC 
said ZAWYRUCHA protested against this proposal but finally agreed on the 
condition that BLACK would remove it as soon as possible. DZIEDZIC said that 
BLACK then eeDt about ten to twelve cardboard boxes to ZAvVIRUCHA's house at 

150 ELlery Avenue, Newark, where it remained for approximately one month in 

the garage. At the end of that time it was picked up by a storage truck. 

DZIEDZIC said at the time the material was picked up he was at work 

and he had no knowledge as to the disposition of the material. DZIEDZIC also 

stated he did not know the exact contents of these boxes but he assumed they 
contained various books, chemical equipment such as test tubes, retorts, 
glasses, etc. He said that he assumed this because of the fact that BLACK 
stored a great amount of miscellaneous material in his apartment at Newark 
consisting of items similar to those above. DZIEDZIC also said that his 
brother-in-law voiced strenuous objections on several occasions during the 
time that BLACK's belongings were stored in hie garage and that ZAWYRUCHA 
frequently asked him to have BLACK remove this material. 

DZIEDZIC stated that around three or four years ago BLACK requested 
him to transport several cardboard cartons of personal belongings of BLACK 
to an unrecalled address on Spruce Street in fhiladelphia, Pennsylvania. 
According to DZIEDZIC, BLACK had moved to this address while sub-letting his 


3 



Umo to SAC June 21, 1950 

65^4074 


Newark apartment. DZIEDZIC said that the Spruce Street address was a two 
to three roam apartment which BLACK shared with one JACOB FASS and a oousin 
of JACOB FASS who was a woman. DZIED2IC stated that at BLACK 'a request he 
transported ten to twelve cardboard oartons of material to BLACK' e apartment 
in Philadelphia, which material included books, chemical equipment such as 
glassware and chemicals, periodicals, and a small table radio. D2IEDZIC 
stated that on his return trip from Rriladelphia he brought ten to twelve 
more boxes ocntalning similar articles back to BLACK'S Newark apartment. 
DZIED2IC stated that this was the only time he ever visited subject in 
Philadelphia. 

DZIEDZIC said that the last time he saw BLACK was approximately a 
year ago when the subject stopped at his house in Nutley, N. J., to say hello. 
DZIEDZIC added that approximately six months ago BLACK called him at bis 
residence in Nutley to say hello. At this time DZIEDZIC asked the subject 
out to dinner but the latter declined. DZIEDZIC said it was his understanding 
that BLACK had assumed a position with a company engaged in the manufacture 
of soil compound near Hiiladelphia, Pennsylvania, and that this was hie reason 
for moving from Newark. 

DZIEDZIC stated that at no time during his acquaintanceship with 
BLACK did he have any reason to question his activities. He stated, however, 
that during the war he received the impression that BLACK admired the part 
which the Russian Army played in World War II and that he appeared to be a 
person having "leftist” views. DZIEDZIC stated that beyond that he did not 
question the loyalty of subject. 

DZIEDZIC 6tated that sometime in 1942 TOM BLACK Introduced him to 
HARRY GOLD in the laboratory at NOPCO, Harrison, N» J. He also said that he 
saw GOLD on one other occasion at BLACK'S apartment but he was unable to recall 
the date. DZIEDZIC stated that this was his only contact with GOLD and that 
he had no knowledge regarding HARRY G01D or his activities. 

DZIEDZIC stated that he lived at 150 Ellery Avenue, Newark, until 
May 19, 1945, when he moved to 2 83 Chestnut Street, Nutley, N. J., and after 
living at that address for three years moved to his present address. 

DZIEDZIC stressed that his association with BLACK was strictly one 
of friendship. 

The following description of FRANK DZIEDZIC was obtained through 
interview and observation* 


4 


Memo to SAC 
65-4074 


Juno 21, 1950 


« 


Born 

Entered United States 

Height 

Weight 

Eiyree 

Hair 

Build 


October 18, 1913 at Stryjuwka, Poland 
1920 or 1921 
5* 6" 

146 

Blue 

Brown , curly 
Medium 


Mr* C. G. MAISE, Personnel Department, Hofftoann-la Roche, Inc,, 
Nutley, N. J., made available the personnel file of . FRANK D2IEDZIC which 
reflected the following informations 

Ho has bean employed since December 3, 1943 at t hie company as a 
foreman chemical operator. Research Division. When originally employed here, 
he resided at 150 Ellery Avenue, Newark, N. J. His prior employment is 
reflected as Royal Miss Dress Company, Scranton, Pennsylvania, from 1932 to 
1941, From December 29, 1941 to February 16, 1943, he was employed at NOPCO, 
Harrison, N* J, His personnel file contains the notation to the effect that 
he received a medical discharge from the United States Army. Instant file 
also reflects he has a physical defect of high blood pressure, and the 
following description! 


Bom 

Naturalized 


Amy Serial Number 
Social Security Number 
Education 

Relatives 


October 18, 1913, Fbland 
Per Certificate No. 6005623 
Issued June 30, 1943, United States 
District Court, Atlanta, Georgia, 
(while in U.S, Amy) 

32766936 . 

170-09-3520 
Ta 3 r lor Public School, 

Taylor, Pennsylvania 
Mother - ANNA D2IED2IC, bom Poland, 
address, 150 ELleiy Avenue, Newark, 
New Jersey; 

Sister - JOSEPHINE DZIEDZIC, born 
Pennsylvania, address, 150 Ellery 
Avenue, Newark, New Jersey. 


There is a notation in DZIEDZIC *s personnel record reflecting he 
entered the United States on April 27, 1921 at New Tork City on the S3 GOLANSK. 
Instant record Indicates he speaks Polish, Ukrainian and Russian. 



Mono to SAC 
65-4074 


June 21, 1950 


DZIEDZIC lifted as references the following individuals t 

THOMAS L. BLACK 
17 Oxford Street 
Newark, N. J. ; 

A. CROWLEY 
148 Ellery Avenue 
Newark, N. J.j 

JACOB FASS 
NOPCO 

Harrison, N. J*j 
Wife - HELEN DKIEDZIC. 

DZIED2lC's personnel file contains letters of reference from J, I. 
FASS and THOMAS L. BLACK, NOPCO Chemical Company, Harrison, N* J*, and A. 
CROWLEY. 


DZIEDZIC requested that should he be contacted in the future by 
the FBI that the Agents first phene him at his home at Nutley 2-7556* 



WASHINGTON 21 NEWARK 5 N El? YORK 7 FROM PI'ILA 6-21-50 C-33 PM 

PI HECTOR API) SAC5«##**U R C I N T 


FERDINAND P. HELLER, WAS., ESPIONAGE R. HELLER APPEARED AT PRIM 

orncE at nine rmivcnvzftvi today and wag interviewed until five 

THIRTY PM* HELLER REITERATED AND EXPANDED ON IMFO PREVIOUSLY 
FURNISHED, DURING COURSE OF INTERVIEW, HELLER SAID HE HAD RECALLED 
tHAT WHILE AWAITING FOR OVAKIMIAN, HE FILLED OUT A MIMEOGRAPHED 
SHEET OF PAPER, APPROXIMATELY EIGHT AND A HALT BY ELEVEN INCHES 
III SHE, 01! WHICH APPEARED APPROXIMATELY FOUR OR FIVE LINES OF 
TYPE* HELLER RECALLED THAT THE SHEET CALLED FOR NAME, ADDRESS, 

DATE, AND TYPE OF WORK THE PERSON DID* HE SAID HE DID NOT USE HIS 
OWN NAME AT THIS TIME AND CANNOT RECALL ALIAS WHICH HE ASSUMED* 

HE SAID HIS REASON FOR USING AN ALIAS WAS BECAUSE HE 'DID NOT DESIRE 
TO HAVE ‘HIS NAME APPEAR IN ArfTORG RECORDS* HELLER SAID HE SAT IN 
A SMALL CLASS ENCLOSED ANTEROOM WHILE AWAITING OVAKIMIAN AND THINKS 

i 1 * ■ 

THAT PAPER WAS PICKED UP BEFORE OVAKIMIAN ARRIVED* HELLER WAS 
QUESTIONED AS TO USE OF ANOTHER NAME AND AT LENGTH' ADMITTED THAT 
AT ONE TINE HE HAD USED NAME FRED BERGER WHILE ENROLLED IN THE 
COMMUNIST WORKERS SCHOOL, LOCATED AT UNION SQUARE AND THIRTEENTH ST. 
IN NYC. HE ATTENDED THIS SCHOOL PRODABLY IN JAN., TH1RTYF0NR, AND 
TOOK A COURSE IN PRINCIPLES OF COMMUNISM* HELLER DECLARED THAT HE 
HAD ONLY ATTENDED A FEU SESSIONS OF THE SCHOOL AND DROPPED OUT BE- 
CAUSE OF LACK OF INTEREST AND BECAUSE OF OBTAINING A JOP AT REESE 


PROTUEKS. HELLER SAID THAT HE COULD NOT RECALL NAME OF TEACHER P>”T J3R 

.~-!*ZzUL03JL:~.±?5 

, SWCW®. — 

.}' si'' 

• .END PAGE ONE , ' , ' JUM ‘1 1 1?S0 ^ ' 

re-ww^.j 

|_ J 




P.LLIEVES IT l! AS A WHITE MAM WHO WAS A CP FUIJCTIOnAnY AND THAT HE 
HAT) AM ACCEPT WHICH HE RECALLS WAS JEWISH* HELLER SAID ITE ATTENDED 
THIS SCHOOL DURING TIME HE WAS RESIDING WITH VERA KANE BUT BELIEVES 
TON DLACK WAS INDIVIDUAL WHO SUGGESTED IT* HE SAID THAT AT TlMtf 
PLACE WAS A PARTY MEMBER* ALTHOUGH HE DENIED THAT HE PERSONALLY 
WAS A PARTY MENDER OF THAT VERA KANE WAS A PARTY MEMBER* HELLER 
SAID THAT WHEN OVAKIMIAN APPEARED IN AMTORG OFFICE* HE WAS IN A 
GREAT HURRY AMD DECLARED HE WAS OUITE BUSY AND IMMEDIATELY MADE 
ARRANGEMENTS, TO MEET wfrH HIM THAT NIGHT* HE SAID HE THINKS HE 
MET OVAKIMIAM ON STREET ABOVE THIRTYFOURTH STREET STATION OF THE 
CUT. HE SAID WHEN HE MET OVAKIMIAN AT THIRTYFOURTH ST** OVAKIMIAN 
IMMEDIATELY PUT JUS ARM AROUND. HELLER-S WAIST AND THEY BEGAN WALKING* 
AH OUT A CLOCK OR A BLOCK AND HALF, UNTIL THEY REACHED THE RESTAURANT* 

PE RECALLED OVAKIMIAN KEPT HIS ARM 111 THIS POSITION NEARLY ALL THE 

- / 

TIME AND COULD GIVE NO REASON FOR THIS ACT OF OVAKIMIAN EXCEPT THAT 

WE CONSIDERED IT AN OLD RUSSIAN CUSTOM. HELLER SAID DURING COURSE 

* 

OF THE III WALK TO PXSTAURANT* WHICH HE BELIEVED WAS ON SIXTH AVE** 

HE TOLD OVAKIMIAN HIS ijlUE NAME AND HIS REASON FOR NOT USING HIS 

. £ 

TRUE NAME AT AMTORG. HELLER SAID THAT DURING THIS WALK AND THE W 
DINNER WHICH FOLLOWED* HE AND OVAKIMIAN DISCUSSED HELLER-S QUAUFI- 
CATZOns AMD DA CK GROUND AS WELL AS THAT OF DLACK AS A POSSIBLE AVFL1- 
CAMT* HELLER SAID HE DID NOT MEI3TIOI1 BLACK-S COMMUNIST PARTY 
MEMBERSHIP CUT DID MENTION THAT BLACK AMD HE WERE SYMPATHETIC TO 
THE Cr. HELLER SAID THAT* AT CONCLUSION OF THIS DINNER, WHICH TOOK 
ABOUT CNF. HOUR-S TIME* HE AND OVAKIMIAN MADE A DEFINITE DATE. FOR 
SEVEN THIRTY PM* EITHER FOLLOWING WEEK OR WEEK AFTER IN FRONT OF 

END PACE TWO 



1 


HS 

% 


PAGE THREE 




HAIM LIBRARY* HELLER SAID WHEN HE RETURNED HOME HE TOLD VERA KANE 
ABOUT HIS MEETING WITH OVAICIMIAN AND PROBABLY TELEPHONED BLACK* HELLER 
SAID tHAT BOTH HE AND BLACK WERE ANXIOUS TO CO TO THE SOVIET UNION Bf> 

. CAUSE HE CONSIDERED IT AN ADVENTURE AND HE UAS UNEMPLOYED AT THE TINE 
AND BLACK WAS A CP MEMBER. HELLER SAID THAT 1IE TOLD BLACK THAT HE HAD 
USED A QUOTE PHONY UNQUOTE NAME AT ANTORG. HE SAID THAT HE DID NOT MAKE 
: A NOTE OP THE NAME HE USED AND WHEN TETERSEN CALLED HIM .ME KNEW HIM 
BY THE NAME OF HELLER AND&LSO KNEW BLACK'S CORRECT NAME* HELLER SAID 
THAT THE SECOND MEETING HE BELIEVES UAS THE FINAL MEETING HE HAH WITH 


j*. OVAICIMIAN AND THAT THE ONLY THING HE CAN REMEMBER IN REGARD TO THIS MEET* 
^IIIG WAS THAT OVAKIMIAN WAS TO MEET HIM AT FORTYSECOND STREET AND FIFTH 
AVENUE AT SEVENTHIRTY J»M AND WAS APPROXIMATELY ONE AND A HALF HOURS 
LATE. HELLER REMEMBERS THAT HE WAS VERY MUCH UPSET AT OVAICIMIAM-S 

f < 

TARDINESS AND RECALLS THAT HE AND B1AC1C DECIDED TO WAIT A LIMITED TIME 

* ■ - I V 

. LONGER AND. THEN LEAVE# HE SAID THAT WHEN OVAKIMIAN ARRIVED, HIS EXCUSE 

UAS THAT BUSINESS HAD KEPT HIM# HELLER SAID THAT THE MEETING AT 

'% .. \ 

LEONE-Sj WHICH OCCURRED ATT THIS TIME# WAS A LONG MEETING OF ABOUT TWO 


OR THREE HOURS AND THAT MOST THE DISCUSSION CENTERED AROUND BLACK 
AMD HIS QUALIFICATIONS.^^ te^ALLED THAT OVAKIMIAN SAID THAT HE HAD 
WRITTEN A DOCTOR AT THE ORG^N^C ^NSTITUTE AT LENINGRAD ABOUT A PLACE FOR 
HELLER* IT UAS AT THIS MEETING THAT BLACK TOLD OVAKIMIAN THAT HE HAD 

i ’ \ 

FORMULATIONS OH SULPHQNATING OXLS> HELLER SAID THAT OVAICIMIAN TOLD HIM 


* THAT THE PAPERS WOULD. 


WERE TYrED UP AT VERA-S APART(JENT\ 
END PAGE THREE ' ; \ 


i. BE PIECED 'UP LATER* HE RECALLED TH 
IrS APARTmemA on A SUNDAY AMD THAT HE 


THAT THE FORMULAS 


THINKS Tit AT 


• 'm a vi'ii 


\ 




THE INDIVIDUAL HE KNEW S PETERSEN PICKED THEM 1JP Oil MONDAY* HELLED SAID 
THAT OVAK1MIAN MADE .THE pATDJEtiT TH/|t (jIS COUNTRY WAS INTERESTED IN 
ANYTHING OE A TECHNICAL NATURE ^UT HFXLER RELIEVES AT THE PRESENT TIME 


THAT THESE WERE SIMPLE FORMULAS TOyTEST THEIR CAPABILITIES. HELLER 
SAID THAT HE IS POSJITJVE THAT 1 7ERAV;?AHE TYPED THESE FORMULAS BECAUSE 


\ 


WHEN BLACK BROUGHT THEM OVER THEY V^RE WRITTEN III DLACK-S HANDWRITING 
AND THAT VERA KANE THEN TYPED FTO THIS* HE DENIED THAT HE WAD tyADE 
r:v reports or bw\ck-s Formulations' jjinr stated that he added some twines 

llE 


INS DLT 

OF HIS OWN IN REGARD TO LAC&UERS, HOLLER SAID THAT NEITHER tUS tlftl-IE NOR 
DLACK-S APPEARED ON THESE PAPERS £EC/\tJSE THEY HAD BEEN OBTAINED 'SfURREP- 
TITIOUSLY FROM NOPCO AND .HELLER^S PREVIOUS EMPLOYMENT AT FRANCO- AMERICAN 
SUGAR, HELLER SAID THAT THROUGHOUT THIS* VERA APPEARED TO BE VERY DIS- 
INTERESTED AND ACTED AS THOUGH SmUERE DOING THEM A FAVOR Il{ TYPING \ 
THEM UP. IN DISCUSSING THE MEETING WITH PETERSEN* UELLF.R SAID. THAT HE 
BELIEVES THAT IT OCCURRED AWOUNp NOON* THAT AT THE TINE 1!E\tJAS Wf!- 
EMPLOYED AND SLEPT. LATE IN ORDER TO AVOID DUYING BREAKFAST A{JD TllAT HE 


WAD ARISEN BUT HAD NOT 'LEFT THE APARTMENT WEN PETERSEN CALLED. HE SAID j 
THAT PETERSEN IDENTIFIED HIMSELF AS PETERSEN* A FRIEND OF GEORGE | 

OVAKIMIAH AND SAID THAT HE WAS AT THE CORNER OF FIFTH AVENUE AND ONE ; 
or THE CROSS STREETS BETWEEN' TWELVE AND SIXTEEN. HE ASKED WELLER TO \ 

•A * 

MEET HIM THERE. HELLER SAID THAT PETERSON APPROACHED HIM AMD SHOOK > 
HANDS AND ALTHOUGH HELLER TRIED TO TALK TO HIM* PETERSEN BROKE It! AMD 

t 

ASKED FOR DLACK-S rilOME NUMBER A*JD IMMEDIATELY DEPARTED. HF SAID HE 


END PAGE FOUR 

CORRECTION LINE EIGHT FIRST WORD SHOULD PE ’’ANY' 1 


/ 


o 



PAGE FIVE 

SPECIFICALLY RECALLED THAT PETERSEN HAD A DAY -S CROimi OF HEARD, HAS 
WEARING KHAKI PANTS AND WAS SHORT AND SLENDER* * HELLER SAID THAT HE 
PHONED BLACK THAT NIGHT TO TELL HIM THAT HE HAD GIVEN THE PACKAGE TO 
PETERSEN. HELLER SAID THAT THIS SANE WEEK HE GOT A JOB AT CELLULOID 
ON EITHER THURSDAY OR FRIDAY AND STARTED WORK THE FOLLOWING WEEK. HE 
SAID THAT SUBSEQUENT TO HIS EMPLOYMENT WITH CELLULOID, HE CONTINUED 
LIVING ,r TTU VERA KANE FOR AN ADDITIONAL WEEK OR TWO. HELLER FURNISHED 
THE FOLLOWING DAYS ON WHICH THE ABOVE DESCRIBED EVENTS TOOK PLACE. ON 
THURSDAY, OVAKIUIAN MEETING NO. TWO - SATURDAY, BLACK BROUGHT THE 
MATERIAL TO KANE-S APARTMENT - SUNDAY, VERA KANE TYrED THE MATERIAL * 

Monday, petersen called for the material - Thursday or Friday, jod 

i 

APPLICATION AT CELLULOID CORP. - SUNDAY, A MEETING IN KANE-S APARTMENT 
AT WHICH DLACK, KANE, HELLER 'AND A FOURTH UNIDENTIFIED INDIVIDUAL WERE 
PRESENT. HELLER STATED DEFINITELY THAT THIS WAS NOT OVAKIUIAN AND RE- 
LIEVES THAT IT WAS A FRIEND OF BUCK WHO WAS TRYING TO GET HIM A JOB 
WITH THE CITY OF NEW YORK* HELLER WAS CERTAIN THIS INDIVIDUAL WAS IH 
MO WAY CONNECTED WITH AMTORG AND STATED THAT HE DOES NOT RECALL EVER 
MEETING AN INDIVIDUAL NAMED MARGOLIN. MONDAY, STARTED WORK WITH CELLU- 
LOID CORE. - WEDNESDAY OR THURSDAY, OBTAINED A ROOM IN NEWARK - FRIDAY, 
WITH BLACK- S ASSISTANCE MOVED HIS BELONGINGS TO NEWARK - SUNDAY, HAD 
ARGUMENT WITH BLACK AND VERA KANE AND QUOTE TOLD OFF UNQUOTE THESE IN- 
DIVIDUALS. HELLER SAID THAT HE ACCUSED DUCK AND VERA KANE OF HAVING 
BID PAGE FIVE 


i 


PAGE SIX 

CLOSE SOCIAL RELATIONS AND AT THAT TIME BLACK ADMITTED BEING tN l.OVE 
WITH VERA KAtlE BUT ONLY ON A MENTAL LEVEL* HE SAID THAT AT THIS TIDE 

i ■» 

VERA SLAPPED HIM AND HE LEFT THE APARTMENT SLAMMING THE DOOR. HELLED 
SAID THAT HE IS CERTAIN THAT HE HAS NO KNOWLEDGE THAT OVAKIMIAI1 EVER 
CAME TO VERA-S APARTMENT AND IS ABSOLUTELY CERTAIN THAT NEITHER OVAKIMIA! 
NOR PETERSEN OR ANY OTHER REPRESENTATIVE OF AMTORG OR ANY OTHER SOVIET 
AGENCY EVER CAME TO VERA-S APARTMENT WHILE HE WAS PRESENT OR THAT ITS 
EVER HEARD ABOUT. HE SAID THAT HE NEVER RETURNED TO AMTORG AFTER THE 
FIRST VISIT. HELLER SAID THAT HARRY GOLD-5 NAME FIRST CAME UP AT THE 
SECOND MEETING WITH OVAKIMIAN AS BEING AN INDIVIDUAL HAVING A KNOWLEDGE 
OF THE DISTILLATION OF ALCOHOL* HE THINKS THAT BLACK TOLD HIM THAT HE 
HAD GOTTEN IN TOUCH WITH GOLD ALTHOUGH HE DOES NOT RECALL WHETHER B.LACK 
WROTE GOLD. HELLER DENIED THAT HE HADE A TRIP TO PHI LA TO DISCUSS WITH 
GOLD THE POSSIBILITY OF EMPLOYMENT IN RUSSIA AND DOES NOT REME!!B r J( SEE- . 
INC GOLD AT ANY TIME DURING THE PERIOD HE WAS LIVING WITH VERA NAME. 
HELLER SAID THAT FROM THE FALL NINETEEN THIHTYFOUR TO JANUARY NINETEEN 
THIRTY SEVEN f HE LIVED AT FIVE TEN HUDSON ST*, AND NEVER SAW OR HEARD 
FROM A’JTORG, OVAKIMIAN, VERA KANE, TOM BLACK OP. HARRY GOLD DURING THAT 
TIME. HF SAID THAT WHILE LIVING AT FIVE TEN HUDSON ST., HE TOLD AGUES, 
LAST NAME UNKNOWN, AND THE OTHER PEOPLE AROUND THERE THAT HE WAS MORE 
VALUABLE OUTSIDE THE PARTY THAN IN AND THAT HE WANTED TO GIVE THEM THE 
IMPRESSION THAT HF. WAS IN TIC UNDERGROUND BUT THAT HE ONLY MADE THESE 
STATEMENTS TO KEEP THEM FROM TRYING TO ENROLL HIM IN THE CP. lfEUER 
HID PAGE SIX 



J- 


/ 


0 f ' r . '' 

rasp seven 

FURNISHED THE NAMES OF THE FALLOWING INDIVIDUALS WHO WERE ASCO9IATE3 CF 
HIS AND VERA KANE-S DURING THE YEAR NINETEEN TH I HTYTH REE-THIRTY FOUR ~ 
CttUCK MERER, A GRADATE CHEMIST FROM WHITMAN COLLEGE, WALLA WALLA, WASH.# 
BUR COOK | WHO HAS A TffeuCK DRIVER FRIEND OF VERA AND ALSO WAS FROM WALLA 

WALLA* WASH*, STELLA SARIG, A LIBRARIAN IN Tlip ALLENTOWN HIGH SCHOOL 

« # ’ * 

LIBRARY, DP. JOE SKILTONj A PHILA DENTIST, J. BYRON fid KINNEY, HEMNIE 
CHAVS, FORMER SOCIETY 'EDITOR QF THE NEW YORK WORLD WHO IS PRESENTLY 
MARRIED AND RESIDING IN THE VICINITY OF NEWARK, HJ, RODDY HENSEL, A 

DCH DJI AN TYPE tilKL WHO HAD ORIGINALLY CONE FROM THE SOUTHERN IT II TED 

v f < . ■ * 

STATES, At) INDIVIDUAL NAMED COPLEY, AM INDIVIDUAL NAMED LEOPOLD OP. 

LOEV WHO 'WAS IN THE RESTAURANT SUPPLY BUSINESS IN PHILA* HE ALSO SAID 
THAT ANOTHER INDIVIDUAL WI,TH WHOM HE WAS FRIENDLY HAS HILTON LEHMAN 

into HAS A /DRUGGIST WHOM, HE HAD MET WHILE MARCHING IN A PICKET LtlT OT 

# / 

Longshoremen during th/ summer of thirtyfoup. he said that the vast 

% i 

ADDRESS, HE HAD FOP LEftoyJAN WAS ONE THREE FIVE NAUGHT SUTTER ST*, SAN 
FRANCISCO. HE SAID THAT LEHRMAN WAS A CP SYMPATHIZER. DURING THE 

Interview heller al§6 |hehtioned that it was his belief that during the 

WAR VERA KANE |as CECjlET^ARY TO GENERAL HUGH DRUM AMD THAT PRIOR TO AND 
SUBSEQUENT TO THE WAR ! SHE WAS LIVING WITH AN INDIVIDUAL NAMED JOHN WALD" 

/ ,-V . - . > , • 

AT THE SHLRNAN SQUARE HOTEL. WITH THE EXCEPTION OF A LEAD TO M.Y. IIO 
OTHER. LEADS ARE BEING SET OUT AT THIS TIME PF.CAU 5 E HELLER IS TO RETURN 

* ‘ ■ ai ' 1 

TO THE PUI 1 .A OFFtCE FOR FURTHER INTERVIEW TOMORROW AND IT IS FELT THAT 

I 

IT WILL DE POSSIBLE TO SET OUT MORE INTELLIGENT LEADS AFTER THAT INTER- 

VIEW. MY /IS REQUESTED TO CHECK ITS INDICES FOR THE NAME FRED DE r.CFP M ' 0 

/ • i 

ATTENDED THE CP WORKERS SCHOOL IN. THE. EARLY PART OF THIRTYT r UR. 


END 


CORNELIUS 


4 








CO! 


i 

IF /l! 


REE STNS 


/ 


WASHINGTON 3 PHILADELPHIA 4 AND NEWARK 2 FROM HEN YORK 22 12-23 A 


DIRECTOR AND SACS 


URGENT / 

l f ** . . 
0 •' ' > \ , 


fnnniNAND phillip heller, wa., esp - n. John ualdo believed to be 

PERSON WHO NOW RESIDES WITH VERA KANE AT MADISON SQHARE HOTEL, NYC. 

DURING FIRST INTERVIEW WITH KANE, IN ANStJER TO QUESTION WHERE SHE LIVES 

At PRESENT, KANE TOLD LONG DRAWN OUT STORY THAT SHE WAS A FRIEND OF THE 

MOTHER OF ONE JOHN WALDO BEFORE THE IJAR. WALDO WAS DRAFTED INTO AIHJY IN 

FORTYTWO Af!D ON THE SAME DAY HIS MOTHER SUFFERED A STROKE AND DIED. 

WALDO REMAINED IN ARMY FOR SIX YEARS DUE TO HIS PROFICIENCY II! GERMAN, 

ITALIAN AND OTHER FOREIGN LANGUAGES. WHEN ME UAS LET OUT OT THE ARMY, 

HE WAS MENTALLY ILL AND WAS SENT TO MENTAL HOSPITAL. 1C A! IE TOLD OF 

BEATINGS UALDO RECEIVED AT FIRST HOSPITAL AND HOW SHE THROUGH COURT 

. # 

ORDER GOT Hill TRANSFERRED TO ANOTHER. AFTER HE WAS ELIGIBLE TOR RELEASE, 

HE HAD NO PLACE TO GO SO SHE TOOK HIM TO LIVE 111 HER APARTMENT AT 

THE SHERMAN SQUARE HOTEL, SHE MOVED TO HER PRESENT ADDRESS DECAUSE 

OF SOME DISTURBANCE CAUSED BY WALDO AT THE SHERMAN SQUARE HOTEL. 

KANE STEADFASTLY PROTESTED THAT HER RELATIONSHIP WITH UALDO IS PURELY 

. * 

HUMANITARIAN, ALTHOUGH NO QUESTION HAS RAISED AS TO THIS RELATIONSHIP. 

AT THE TIME OF THE ORIGINAL INTERVIEW WITH KANE, WALDO WAS WAITING Ii! 

END PAGE ONE 



SFAftnirn \ * ._*?**' i 


5tAnct*rp v it xiriHwiD. 
rcf»MLi7rn 

JUN 9? w&o 
f pi . 




fAGE TWO 


T7»E OUTER ROOU OF KANE-S EMPLOYER-S LAW OFFICE. WALDO DESCRIBED AS 
ABOUT TWttlTYUItlE YEARS OF ACE, BLOND CURLY HAIR, HEAVY SET BUILD, OI.'K 
HUNDRED SEVENTY LBS., HEIGHT UNKNOWN, EYES BLUE AND ST ARY* INTERVIEW 
OF UALDO HILL BE CONSIDERED AFTER KANE IS REINTER VIEWED. 

SCHEIRT 

PH ACK AND DISC PLS, .WA & NK HFC 
PH PH UK R 1-4 PH JFG 


tn'TTTOTTTTES GA 


fltW'A'nPMMIS.M 


v; * ; 

Office Memorandum • united states government 

TO i S. K. MC KEE, SAC DATE: juro ?2 f 1950 

PROM , ORA E. MULLEN AX. SA 

SUBJECT: THOMAS L. BLACK 

ESPIONAGE - R 




Re Philadelphia teletype dated 6/19/50. 

The following investigation was conducted by Special Agents OP.IAII 
R. KENNEDY and the writeh at West Collingsvood, Hew Jersey, on June 19, 1950* 

Mr. EUGENE R7 SMAJJ^EY, 1204 Kim Avenue, Wert Col lings wood, Hew Jersey, 
upon being Tn^irv tewed Advised that he first met TIE MAR L. RLACK approximately 
a year ago. Ho ndvised that he, SMALLEY, was at that, time employed in the 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, area as a Technical Field Representative of the 
Newport Industries, 270 Park Avenue, New York City, and that BLACK had contacted 
him relative to an i^ea he had developed on the production of tall oil ester. 
SMALLEY staled thrt. he examined the notes of the idea and directed i'LAC 1 ’ to hiG 
superior Mr. EDUARD CALLETCN of the Newport Industries who negotiated with 
BLACK relative to the purchase of this idea until about two months ago. He 
stated that SMALLEY and CALIETON were formerly employed together by the Oil 
Productions Company, Harrison, New Jersey. 

SMA 1 LEY stated that since be met BLACK he had been in contact with 
him on average of about two times per month and had frequently met Mr. JOSEPH 
MULLEN and Hr. JACK FASS, who are associated with BLACK in the operation of the 
Spruce Chemical Company which was formerly located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 
and is presently located in Paterson, New Jersey. Ho advised that it was his 
understanding that FASS had assisted BLACK in the development, of the idea on +V 
production of tell oil ester. 


CHAPEY stated that his last personal contact with PLACE had been on 
May 28, 1 950 and tbet BLACK had telephonies'' ly c<. nt.actcd him during the past 
we 9k and had told him that he had been questioned by the FBI. He advised G1IAI IBY 
at tbir tine that +he questioning had been a result of his being a friend of 1 
HAL T G*. ? D and had stated that GOLD had been instrumental in securing his present} 
position as a Consulting Engineer with Charles U. Berg Company, North 5th Street,' • 
Philadelphia, Pa. He also advised that he had giv'n GCID's address as his < 

address at his place of employment when he moved to hi* present living quarter*'. 

He sta+ed thet ho bad done thiB in order that BELG would not bo able to contact 


him at night or on weekends. SMALLEY explained that BLACK spent his evenings 
and weekends working on projects being manufactured by the Spruce I ;n >uf aoturirg 
Company, hut did not desire that his employer know tV-i he war interested in 


this pr-ject. 


! 1 •> ') 



i r u 



OEM ted 
65-4074 


I 



/ 



MEMO, SAC 

NK 65-4074 June 22, 1950 


SMALIZY advised that hie contact with EI.ACK had been principally on 
a tufilncsp and professional basic, and that he could furnish no information re- 
lative- to his background. Ho stated th r t he was- of ,v >e opinion th?t all of 
PTACK’s activities are motivated by his interest in chemistry, that ho never 
heard him mention GO! D until he telephonically contacted him during the past 
week end that he had never had any reason tc believe that I'LACK was interested 
in any information that would be of value to nv y representative of a foreign 
power, and had never had any reason to doubt his loyalty to the United ''tat.es. 

SMALIEY stated that in December, 1949 BLACK had asked, him to become 
a member of the franklin Institute in Philadelphia, Pa., and had mentioned that 
this rrC'.'bor~hip would entitle him to access to the technical laboratory of the 
institution, lie stated that he knew BLACK spent considerable time in this 
library a^d knew that membership in the institute was composed principally of 
technical man. He stated that when BLACK mentioned this to him he had the idea 
that it was a membership drive being conducted by the institution at that time. 
He did not, become a member. 

Sl'A’TEY was graduated from the Dunellen, How Jersey, High School in 
1949 and from the University of New York in 3948. He served in the U. S. Army 
for a period of about three months in 1943 and was honorably discharged after 
suffering a nervous breakdown. He was employed as a Field representative of the 
Newport Industries, 240 Park Avenue, New Yor' City, from September, 1948 to 
June 3, 1950. He was employed as a chemist by the National Lead Company 
Research Laboratory, 105 York Street, Brooklyn, New York, from September, 3943 
to r eptember, 1948. Re is presently unemployed, but is serving as a Consultant 
fer the Field -White Manufacturing Company, 1405 Fox Building, Philadelphia, Pa. 
and can be contacted there between 9:00 and 4:00 p.m. Monday through Friday. 

He advised that Newport Industries is engaged principally in the 
production cf resin, pine oil, turpentine and tall oil, commonly known as navel 
stores. 


Records of the Camden Comity Credit Association, 817 Cooper Street, 
Cnmdo:, New Jersey, contains no information relative to EUGENE R. SMALIEY other 
thun that he has purchased his home located at 12.04 TUm Avenue, Went Collingcwood, 
New Jersey. 


A summary of the above information was furnished to Philadelphia 
by teletype dated Jtin9 19, 1950. 


• UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT 


md. U . 

* 


.C 

/'T' 


Office Memorandum 


TO i S. S. McKee, SAC 

PKOM i Philipp. Carroll 

SUBJECT! THOMAS L. BLACK, *ft 
FJ 'TOWAGE - B 


DATE: 6 / 22/50 


(Serial 69 ) 

Be Philadelphia teletype of 6/17/50/, In which information la set 
forth to the effect that In 19^*5 BLACK had deal Inga with an indlvidxiol from 
the Hercules Powder Co. In Wilmington, Bel., whom he Identified ae WILLIAM 
STAPLER. 


According to the teletype, In 19^5, JACK, a Soviet contact, Intro- 
duced BLACK to WILLIAM STAPLER In Mew York City. ELACK was inHtructc'J to 
meet STAPLES at the ?a. RB Station In Savor lc, HJ . The teletype Indicated 
that BLACK via;: using the name of "Boh". 

According to BLACK, STAPLES *fl wife know her husband was invclvled 
In furnishing Information to the Soviets and contact was had with STAPLES 
through his wife. The teletype reflects that It wee customary for BLACK to 
call STAPLER 's vlfe during the week and she would arrange a meeting with 
STAPLER and BLACK at the pa. BR Station In M«wark. 


'BLACK maintained that STA'PLER never furnished information to him 
for transmission to the Soviets; however, he did. furnish inf or Mint ton to 
BLACK for his personal use, samples of jure roelu and .literature put out 
bj Hercules. 

BLACK Identified a photograph of WILLIAM STAPLER furnlehed by 
Biltlmore which was obtained from the files of the Hercules Powder Co. 
as bring the Individual whom he met with In Pa. Stetlc-n In Mevnrk. Refer- 
ence teletype reflects that BLACK met with STAPLER on 5 occasions. 


This teletype requested that the Kevark Office contact ETHEL MAY 
STAPATR for all information she may have regarding BLACK nnl her deceased 
husband's activities. The teletype also requested that an effort be mdo 
to conduct a voluntary search of her late husband's effects. 


On 6 / 16/50. ETHEL MAY STAfpR wag interviewed in Rivet dele, 1 W, 
(I'esiialc County), by the writer an&jjBA AMLREW R. BAP YAK. 


IK 65-1*07^ 
fjc/mmcd 


■ <: 


1 HP 


SIAWHfU. . A !!:,%! rtf, 
SF.IIAI \,„ri. ,JC 


jun 2 .'! mr,n 


l x ._- r: f0(j_N£WA«tj 

|C • — » ^Vv. ~ L- 


I 



UK 


Mrs. STAPLER stated ehe did not know an; of her husband's 
associates and denied ewer hearing of Tiob", "«Jeck" or e THOMAS BLACK. 
She also denied ever receiving any telephone calls from these In* 
dlvlduals and arranging meetings with them for her husband. 

At the time of the Interview tors. STAPLER appeared to be 
evasive and was emotionally upset. 

She stated that t £er husband lived in Wilmington, Del., with a 
spinster sis tor oahe _hcme only about tvloe a numth on weekends 

during the entlro period“of employment from 1?^J to 19’ Hat the Hercules 
Powder Co. She continued that UITH, who Is suffering from a heart ail- 
ment, Is now reported to he living at the Quaker Reet Home, Pittmann 
Memorial, in Westcheater, Pa. 

It Is noted that according to Mrs. STAPLER, her husbands' 
brother RALPH also stayed at this memorial until his death several years 
ago. 


Mrs. STAPLER advised that WILLIAM STAPLES bad. another deter, 
MAJCRIHS AYERS who resides on Voodlawn Ave, Wilmington, Pel., with her 
KQOband STANLEY whom she clalme is a prominent citizen In the community. 

The Interview with Mra. STAPLER reflected that her husband 
WILLIAM was keeping company with other women. 

Luring the Interview Mrs. STAPLER frequently became excited 
and stated her objection to the "present wave of Investigation of 
chemists end scientists since there have been no aecret9 since 1?J2 as 
the Government had made them available to everyone". 

Mrs. STAPLER refused permission to the Interviewing agents to 
seeroh the personal effects of her deceased husband without first con- 
sulting her attorney. 

Prior to the conclusion of the interview, Mrs. STAPLER con- 
sulted with e personal friend, FGRDHAM JEW1TT WALSH, who resides In a 
cabin ovufid. by Mrs. STAPLER in Pequ&nnock, No T Mr7"WALSE was in agree- 
mett with Mrs. STAHER and advised that he dll not think ehe should make 
available the personal effects of her deceased husband without first 
having a consul tetioa with her attorney. 

The abeve information was relayed to the Philadelphia Office 
by teletype dated 6/1C/50 (Serial $>6), 


On June 19, 1950, ERHEST F. KEEK, Attorney, 71 Park St., 


- 2 - 




HZ 65-fcOfi* 


Montclair, UJ, tel ephonl cally contacted this office and requested og?nte 
contact him relative to viewing the personal effects of the deceased 
busbnnd of Mrs. 8TAPLER. 

On the same dote, KEER was contacted by the writer and SA BAB YAK 
and he advised that he would dlsouse the matter of reviewing the personal 
ef facta of WILLIAM STAPLER with hie client, Mrs. ETHEL MAY STAPLER. 

On 6/?0/5O, the personal effects belooglng to WILLIAM STAPLER 
were made evAllable by Mrs. STAPLES in the office of ERNEST P. BEER, her 
attorney in Montclair, H«J. 

4 

These personal effects consisted of one brlefcane filled vith 
mater Ini, most of which pertained to the late Mr. STAPLES’ s employnente 
dating from lpl9 to 1933 * A review of these records vaB non productive. 

Included In thle material was an Interoffice co.Tmunlcatlon 
under date of 3/30/^5> from R, W. IVEIT, Maval Stores Croup of the Hercules 
Powder Co. to V1LIIAM STAPLES. This letter reads In parti 

"ii; response to your request, the following eamples have been pre- 
pared and submitted to you. 

Stabelltn^ Wltrllo, Stabellteamlne and Dehydrogenated Rooin (731) 
Amine. 

Semples were labeled as above for use at the Experimental Station 

nitrile H.B. amine E.R. and amine D.R. respectively for distri- 
bution that might eventually Involve uee outside of the company. 

For your convenience, a summary of the analysis of the various 

samples In given and the distribution of the enmpleo is shown 
In Table 2. " 

This letter may be significant In connection with BLACIl’s state- 
ment to the effect that on one occasion he recoiled certain rosin staples 
and Information concerning rosin from WILLIAM STAPLER. 

Also included among the effects is a letter dated 9/28/28, from 
ABBOTT K. S. SPENCER, 9 Hanover St, Hew Yorh City, of the Design 
Laboratories, Inc. The letter discussed activities of the duPont Co. 
and of the uee of the SanSor Co., Chicago > 111., as a distributor. 

Also included therein was an undated typevrltter paper with the 
heading Record of William V. Stapler at the duPont Co. during 5^ years 
as follows; * 


-3 - 



4 


4 



4 ME 65-4074 


**1 Year at Cap Vorke, Poenpton LnVee, RY, In anaylele and 
control of manufacture of fulminate of mercury* 

1 Year at Fa a tern Laboratory In research and senl-works 
development of dyatuff intermediate e. 

Years at Jackson Laba&tory In all phase* of Intermediate 
manufacture . * 


Also Included therein was a letter addressed to V. V. 8TAH,ER, 89 
Jeultt ft, Mewton, Maas, from E. B. WII£QW of the Edwin Bird Wilson, Inc., 

? Hanover St, Hew York City. 

Mrs. STAPLER clarified mail being sent to bar husband at that 
addreao, advising that approximately fifteen years ago her huoband hod been 
employed for a short period of time by the International Equipment Cc. In 
Cambridge, Mass. 

Also contained therein was a notation on an envelope setting 
forth the nemo of M. B. COCK, 220 E. 42nd St, Alco Products Co. ' 

AI 30 conte.ln.od therein was & letter to BILL STAPLES from JAM’S L. 
EEPSTXK, Hanle Mills of Florida, Inc., PO Box 12?, Zellwood, Fla. The 
letter vao dated 8/5/47, and stated that REBSTXK had ascertained that 
STAPLER had be?n sick from an Individual by the name of MACK SCE'^FTZ. 

REBSTOCK eet forth Information in the letter to the effect thot 
during the two years since he had left Hercules employment he had been 
employed by the First Prentiss and Co. and then by the Sauffer Chemical 
Co. Be stated In the letter that a.t Banle Mills lie was In charge of do- 
el gnlng and taler spinning. 

H 

Alec contained therein wa3 a list of the University of Pennsylvania 
Claec of l?l4 Chemists and Chemical Engineer a, dated 4/22/33. The following 
nav.eB, addr 03000 and employment of individuals not forth in this list wre 
checked off in poncll: 


F. S. DEACCH, 170 S. Clinton St, E. Orange, HJ. Research Chemlet, 
Congoleuu Nairn Co, Koarny, BJ 

C. H. KRAFT. 4 Carroll PI, Veehawken. Factory Mgr, Calllte Pro- 
ducts Cor, 5**7 3?th St, Union City, UT 

V. S. Landlu, 122 Woodland Ate, E. gpuge, Wj Pres., Celluloid 
Corp, 290 Ferry ft, Hevork, NJ 


- 4 - 


V. L. Lehman, $128 M. 15th St, Phlla, Pa.; Plant Mgr, American 

Commercial Alcohol Co, Delaware Ate & Tanker, Phlla, Pa. 

J. C. McDONOUGU, klQ S. Wycombe Ate, Lansdowe, ra; Barrett Corp, 

Uo Rector St, HYC 

CALVIW MORRIS, 2725, *• 16th St, Phlla, Pa; Merck & Co, Reliway, 1?J 

J. S. STEVENSON, 103 w. Churoh St, Lock Haven, !*; Aset Plant Mgr, 

American Aniline prod, Inc, Lock Haten, Fn. 

H. V. 6UAAB, 1106 Prospect Ate, MelTose Park, Pa; Proprietor, 

Products Co., h .912 H. 5th St, Phlla, Pn. 

Notation: Art H. Snnford 
Bor 205 
Walpole, Maas. 

R >tat Ion; Call 683 Mr. Neumann 

Mra. Mitchell 

/ 'jl/Yt*' I 

(ki 6/20/50. 1 MEAD STAPlf PP . aonA of Mra. STAPLER, wbd Interviewed by 
the writer and SA BABxAX In Riverside, HJ“,* In regard to FORLHAM WALSE'e 
association with WILLIAM STAPLER. 

He advleed that WALE*} la a longtime renlflent of Riverfinle and may 
bo related to the STAPLER family lna remote we.y. He indicated that he hen 
little regard for WALSH'e character and stability In the community, and 
that WALSH frequently indiigea In the use of alcohol. 

MFAD STAFLFR stated further that on varying occasions in the past 
WA1SE had been associated with his deceased father In email ventures relating 
tc the distribution of chemical formulae. Bo added none of theoe ventures 
wee nucceouf 1. 

Baltimore teletype of 6/21/50, set forth Information to the effect 
that Kre. A. STANLEY AYERS, sister of WILLIAM STAPLER, was Interviewed on 
that ddate and Mrs. AYERS advised that she bag none of STAFLER'b effects. 

She believed all of them are In the possession of STAPLER 'e vlfow In New 
Jersey. 

Mrs. AYERS advised the Baltimore Office- ohe has no knowledge of 
any cf CTAPLER's contacts or associates. 



Office Memorandum • united states government 

T0 ' S. K. WC KEE, SAC DATE: June 23, 1950 

F *° M ' THOMAS S. LOVERING, SA 

SUBJECT: «pno!,US L. BUCK 
ESPION'AGE-R 


The writer conducted the following inquiry concerning PAUL A. 

DITTMANt 


Inspection of the records of the New Jersey State Department of 
■Motor Vehicle, Trenton, New Jersey, revealed that PAUL A. DITTVAN, 63 Vain 
Street, Garfield, Bergen County, New Jersey, has driver's license on file 
from 19b7 to date and all provide the above address. These driver's licenses 
describe him as white, male, age 62, 5'10", 200 pounds, gray hair, blue eyes. 
His current driver's license bears 970736. 

A check of the applications far the above drivers licenses in the 
files of the same Bureau reflect that those for only the past two years are 
available. These give the additional information that DITTVAN works as a 
Chemical Engineer for himself, is a United States citizen, born in "Moscow". 
He claimed he had no physical disabilities and his driver's license had never 
been suspended. The last driver's license was obtained March 3, 19h9 from 
JOSEPH 1. MACIAG, Garfield, New Jersey. 

A check of the violations on file with the same Bureau failed to 
reveal DlfTMAN’s name. 


In an effort to determine if there was any information available 
concerning DITTMAN as a "Chemical Engineer, working for self" the writer 
telephoned N. J. MC GUINNESS of the State Board of Professional Engineers 
and Land Surveyors, 921 Bergen Avenue, Room 710, Jersey City, New Jersey. 

Vr. VC GUINNESS advised that everybody who professed to be an engineer and worked 
as such in the State of New Jersey, were required by law to take examinations 
and register with that state board. He searched his files and found no 
information concerning any PAUL A. DITTMAN. 


Mr. MC GUINNESS added that if DITTVAN was practicing, as a Chemical 
Engineer in the State of New Jersey this constitutes a misdemeanor and he can 
he prosecuted for such. 



NK 65-li07li 

TSLsWcL 




1 -, A 

LA'. '(Mild NO. §4 ^ 

r w 

Office Memorandum 


9 

UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT 


to SAC : 

trom iJug.n I'. Coyl ,SA 
subject: Thomas iilaok 

1 :;r ion--'r -)• . 


fTATC 

M A I L . 


i./njro 


~>k liO’. A,'*.!) It . '.'i. Al L* o called at 2 I'.U. thi" d; t and «‘dvif d th. t th 

t'Uhj :t h* i o Fdvi' d th: Phila. office that h '..ould not ro to jfvr !; unt 11 
Sunday !!io' rung . Scania thought h- v.ould ilh c ar-iving in f v:\ k 

ct 8 A.K. ov 1 aving Phila. at that tiue .Suv illanct; ontinuinf in .'HILA. 
:,£ Lou Turni r advised along with Ag nf ' • ifn d t > th-. ' v - 11 - 1 






UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT 


Office Memorandum • 

TO I 8. K. MC SEE, SAC DATS: June 26, 1950 

FROM « LOUIS 0 . TURNER, $A 

SUBJECT: THOMAS L. BUCK, was. 

ESFIONAOE - R 


Re Philadelphia teletype 6/23/50. 

GBORQE 0. STIER, Division Sales Manager, NOPGO Chemical Company, 
Harrison, N. J., advised that he was directly in charge of the negotiation 
of 0 averment contracts for NOPCO during World War II. By reference to his 
reoords, STIER stated that the development and production of Sorbitol was 
never at any time classified. He stated that this product had miscellaneous 
uses in Industry and at no time was it ever sold aider Government contract. 


STIER provided a list of products manufactured by the company during 
war time which were prepared taider restricted contracts with the Chemical 
Warfare Service. 


Contract W-650-cws-140 

W-650-CWS-165 

W-2218-CWS-2 - 

W-2218-CWS-39 

W-41-040-CWS-518 

W-30-070-CWS -903 

W-30-070-cws-1205 

W-2216-cws-34 


W-2218-cws -82 


W-30-070-CWS-1508 


Shoe Hnpregnlte (protection against 
mustard gas) 

a • n « 

ann n 

« « it « 

n tt n a 

» H II ti 

mw n w 


Trlaoetin (solvent to protect hands of 
persons working with mustard 
gas) 

Crayon, 'Vesicant detector (to detect 

presence of 
mustard gas ) 

Napalm (used in protection of jellied 
gasoline for fleme throwers) 


I 



tflllHF /, . 
65-407* 



■/- 

' \ 






a t»NU>*0 ,0 * - *•' ** 


Office Memorandum • 


UNITED 


3D STATES GOVERNMENT 


DATE: 6/25/50 


) :S AC J 

iom : EUOBIE f. eon* 84 je" 

r ^ 

'BIECt THOUAS L. BLACK 

1 ESPIOBAt®" 1 '- 

, r« CfiJ- 


f ROM 


EC1 -THOMAS L.BUCK sed the Subj 

■ ESPIOUAG^R. 8,50A.M. this date p hU a. 

STloSS.--- V— •“■“• 

Agents scheduled tor the 





SAC, PHILADELPHIA 


June 21, 1950 


* SAC, NEWARK x •. 

'* * *v * 

THOHAS L. BUCK, Vu. 

ESPIONAGE - B 


Reurtel 6/21/50. 

The following book* wore seised during a search at the VAN P02NAK 
STORAGE WAREHOUSE, 9 2 Howard Street, Newark, Hew Jeroay, on Juno 21, 1950 by f pedal 
Agents PAtlt fi. KMtl, EUGENE C. JONES, TROT COLEMAN and JAKR3 H. HIOOOR, Jri 


A. Chemical Technology and Analysis of Oils, Fats and Waxes, 
by Or. J. IPWKCWITSCH, K. A. P. I. C., Sixth Edition as 
Revised by GEORGS H. VA'lBUltTON, and published by the 

MAC HILLAN AND CO., LTD., St. Martin's Street, London, 1923 
Voluses 1, 2, 3* 

• ■ 1 - . / ' ■ k / rl. 

- tk \ 

B. The Library Companion to Pats and OUa Industries by 
Ur. J. LEWKOWITSCH, and publishod by tho MAC MXLUtt AND 
CO., LTD., London, 1901. 

C. ELECTRO-ANALYSIS by EDGAR P. SMITH, Plfth Edition, published 
by ths P. BLAKISTOil'S SON AND COiTANI, Philadelphia, Fa. 

in 1911. On the title page of this book there is written 
what appears to be the handwritten signature of one EftNFST 

D. WILSON. 

... „ . ■ . ;>k .■ 

D. A Textbook of Marxist Philosophy which was published by 
the Leningrad Institute of Philosophy under the direction 
of K. SHIROKOV and published by VICTOR G'JLLAfJCZ,- LTD., 14 
Henrietta Street, Convent Garden, London, W. C. 2. 


Tho above publications were seised from Lot #773* Box if 25 of 
Hots In storage for TU0KA5 L. BLACK, subject of instant case. 

♦ 

Also seised In this same box was a miscellaneous piece of papor 
approximately 12. inches long, three Inches wide, which appears to be the type of 
paper used In p'Tremo pad. On this paper, which is written in red pencil, are 
various nurrbe/si and letters, the significance of which are not known at this tlira, 

/ 


P 

piiKicr 

HK 65-4074 


i 


( 


bet Package 

IPLOISTDRED MAIL 


C *; • Yo ?v~i 55 


UK 65-4074 

Loiter to Philadelphia 


On this paper there is written what appears to be two telephone 
numbers, one being AP 7*5396 and the other BU 2-6970, the latter which 
could possibly naan Rtftharford 2-6970, a New Jersey exchange. 

*r 

This pleoe of paper la also beirv; enclosed in thin pacVtfo. 


*T AJ *>A . I n IKH4M NO. 14 


9 

Office Memorandum 


9 

UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT 


TO t 8* K. McKEE, SAC date: Juno 27, 1950 

PROM I flA THOMAS M. O'CONNOR 

SUBJECT: THOMAS I. BLACK 

ESPIONAOE - R 

On June 17, 1950 Special Agents WILLIAM H. OOTTOER, STANLEY A* LEWCZYK, 
IOUIS E. PAGE, and the Writer took over the surveillanoe of the Subject at 
6*30 p.m. in the vicinity of the Spruce Chemioal Company, Paterson, Nee Jersey* 

r At about 7*20 p.m. the Subject, accompanied by tiro unknown Individuals 

and JACK FASS who was identified by Special Agent PAGE, entered an automobile 
driven by one of the unknown individuals and they proceeded to the Hamilton Hotel 
on Beach Street, Paterson, arriving at about 7*40 p.m. ' /he7 entered the hotel 
and registered# According to the hotel records cheokedrby Special Agent lElfCZYK, 
BLACK and one of the unknown individuals named JP^T_H^u£Lrsgl stared together 
and were assigned to room 2 25, The eeoond unknown Individual EMORY RICHftRflB' 
from Glendale, Rhode Island, was assigned to room 232, After parking IHe car at 
approximately eight o'clock, BLACK and the individual who registered as HEUE 
entered the Hamilton Hotel dining room at approximately 8*10 p.m. and stayed 
there and at the hot&l bar which adjoins the dining room until about 12*05 a.m. 
Juno 16, 1950 during whioh time they were observed to be in earnest conversation. 
At 12*05 A.m. they retired to their room and were not again observed during the 
period that these agents remained on duty. 

These agents were relieved at approximately 6*30 a,m* on June 18, 1950 
by Speoial Agents RICHARD £. BRITSON, CLARK D. TOMPKINS (A), 0. RANDALL UcGOUGH, 
and THOMAS F. JONES. 

v 

A check at the hotel desk reflected that BLACK had left no calls 
during the period the agents were on duty. 




n 


i f . 


r \ 


V 1 " i 
JIIM 9 - JO.;, 


NK 65-4074 
TWO* eg / i 

7 

i 


fTAHOA*t> MQ> M 



Office Memorandum • 



UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT 


TO » SAC. S. K. MG XEE DATEs 6-28-50 

PROM i 8A, EUGENE C. JONES 

SUBJECT: THOMAS L. BUCK, was. 

ESPIONAGE - R 


The following is to report the activities of the Subject while 
under surveillance on June 11, 1950 by SA REGIHAOLD C. VINCE: IT, H. N. JOHNSON. 
JOHN R. BRETT and the writer. 

The above aforementioned agents were on surveillance at 4:10 pm. 
on 6-11-50 at 177 Kentucky St., Paterson, N.J. At 4:38 pm the Subject and 
JACOB FASS left 177 Kentucky St. and proceeded to Main St., Paterson, NJ where 
at 4:52 pm both entered bus no. 544 of the Inter-City line destined for 
N.Y.C. At 5:42 pm Subject and FASS got off this bus at 42nd St and 8th 
Ave, NYC and entered Child's Restaurant, 42nd St,, east of 8th Avenue at 
5:44 wn. 

At 6:40, fin Subject and FASS left the alcove restaurant end pro- 
ceeded to Times Square and from there proceeded to 46th St. where both 
entered the Victoria Theater at 6:45 p®. At 8:45 pm Subject end FASS 
left the Victoria building, 46th St. , entrance, then proceeded south on 
7th Ave. to 34th St. where they turned west to 8th Ave and the Subject entered 
the New Yorker Hotel Drugstore at 9:10 pm. After making a purchase, Subject 
and FASS proceeded to the 8th Ave entrance to the T’ennsyl vania Railroad Station. 
The Subject and FASS shook hands at the top of the stairway and Subject pro- 
ceeded to the train level where he got on the Pa. train for Philadelphia, Fa. 

Subject walked through two cars of this train and got off and 
proceeded to the mezzanine floor where he entered the SaVarin Restaurant at 
9:25 pn. 

At 9:35 pm the Subject left the restaurant and proceeded to the 
concourse of the T a. railroad station, at 9:45 pm the Subject boarded the 
New York to r *ashington train, which train left the station at 10:00 pm. The 
Subject arrived in North Philadelphia Penn. Station at 11:45 pm where the 
surveillance wa9 taken over by agents of the Philadelphia office, 

A surveillance log and notes of the writer are heinr^ placed in the 
1A serial of this file. 


FCJ:TJ 
NT 65-4074 




UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT 


Office Memorandum • 

TO i SAC 3 . K. MC SEE DATE: 6/33/50 

MOM 1 SA TBCMAS S. LDVEHDJG 

subject: 1BCMAS L. BLACK, tee. 

ESPIONAGE - H 

Inquiry on June 19, 1950, of Postmaster EDWIN CASE, Fleroington, H.J., 
revealed that CHARLES E. BENIER formerly held Poet Offioe Box 323, Flemington, 
F.J., and lived locally just outside of Flemington, N.J., near the Copper Hill 
Country Club. At that time he operated his own companies known as the 
Microbiological Associates and the Hypex Company. Postmaster CASE stated that 
BENDER moved away from Plemington, N.J., aix months to a year ago and left the 
fol towing forwarding addre ss? Microbiological Associates, 10S Aregon Avenue, 
Coral G&bles, Florida. BELTER' s forwarding residence addresB was to 1819 
Ferdinand Street, Coral Gables, Florida. 

CASE stated that he had a limited contact with BENDER during 
BELDSR's two or three years residence at Flemington, N.J., and that his 
wife knew BENDER 1 s wife quite well. CASE stated ttiat during this entire 
period nothing ever came up which indicted BENDER was not a hard working 
end loyal American. 


XSL:ets . ' 
65-4074 



ITAMbAJro fQftu MO. u 


Office Memorandum 


8 

UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT 


TO * 8AC 6. K. VcKEE * ‘ Datb. June 29, 1950 

Piom » w J0HN Ri lyons 

subject. moMAS l. BLACK, was. 

ESPIONAGE - R 

On June 21, 1950 the writer end Special Agent FHILIP J. CARROLL 
proceeded to the Spruce Chemical Company, Paterson, Nee Jersey to examine 
the Contax camera that was noted there during the search conducted by the 
writer and Special Agent LOUIS 0. TURNER* 

It was ascertained that this Contax camera had an F-2 Summer 
lens number NR1862760, camera number FlihoL7, and back case number FUii0lt7 • 

At that time JACK PASS was present and advised he had seen FERCT 
HELIE as well as BLACK over the weekend. He stated that HELIE was to set 
up a selling company for products of the Spruce Chemical Company, but that 
HELIE was "scared" due to the fact that BLACK and FASS had told him he might 
be questioned concerning his association with BLACK in the GOLD case. FASS 
advised that he and BUCK told HELIE "all about the case". 

According to FASS, HELIE is still employed by BERG and desires to 
work for BERG while setting up a selling agency for Spruce Chemical Company. 
FASS stated that the deal with HELIE has not been consummated as yet because 
HELIE desires to have "both his cake and eat it at the same time".. 



NK 65-1071 
JRLtEL 


I 




Office Memorandum 


9 

• UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT 


SAC S. K. Wc-KEE DATE: June 29, 1950 

SA JOHN R« LYONS 

THOMAS L. BLACK, was. 

ESPIONAGE - R 

Reference Philadelphia teletype dated 6/15/50 

In connection with the above-captioned individual, a search 
was conducted on the premises of the Spruce Chemical Company, 177 East 
Railway Avenue, Paterson, New Jersey under authority of a waiver of 
search executed by JACOB I. FASS and THOMAS L. BLACK by Special Agents 
LOUIS n. TURNER and the writer between the hours of 9:15 a.ra. and 
1:15 p.m. 

It should be noted that a great deal of the material on the 
premises was the property of PAUL A. DITTMAN, 6 3 Main Street, Garfield, 

New Jersey, which included personal correspondence and chemical formulae. 

The bulk of the records noted pertained to the normal business operations 
of the Spruce Chemical Company. There were also numerous magazines, books, 
and pamphlets pertaining to chemistry and other technical subjects which 
were encased in cardboard boxes. 

Among the current papers of the Spruce Chemical Company was a 
letter. to JACK FASS from J. SHAPIRO, Care of Arland, Rondpoint de Plainpalais, 
Geneve, Suisse. Another address also appeared on this letter, namely Jack 
Shapiro, Chez Boget lli, Boulers Moluetise, Geneve, Suisse. There was also 
in a desk a list of names or telephone numbers as follows: 

IL 6-ii010 

ESTHER KAUFMAN 

96-10 50th Avenue 

Elmhurst, Long Island 

WA S-2h6h ) 

Ausubel ) 

) 

DI 6-6825 ) 

Home Phone ) 

Sarah 

EV 5-8300 

Riva 

Plaza 7-3939 

NK 65-1071: 

JRLtEL 



TO i 
FROM t 
SUBJHCTi 



Memo to SAC S. K. McKEE 
NK 65-L07U 


Care of Robert Kohl 
Chaim Scheierowicz 
6235 Webster Street 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 

There was also a card in the file which PASS stated was in BLACK'S 
handwriting and listed the following individuals; 

John Axelrod 
65 .Feme rest Avenue 
Cranston 5, Rhode Island 
Telephone Hopkins 7061; 

C, J. McCormack 
P.0. Box 123 
Anderson, S.C. 

Telephone 63i*W 

Percy H. Helie 
53 Holden Street 
• Worcester 5» Massachusetts 
P.0. Box 302 
Worcester 6-3381 

Harry Lodge 
li Prospect Street 
Penacook, New Hampshire 

Harry J. Gill 

American and Foreign Industrial Enterprises 
liO Exchange Place 
New York 5, New York 
Hanover 2-0l*60 

Home Phone (Philadelphia) GE6-U75U 

FASS advised that all of the above individuals with the exception 
of GILL were salesmen for BERG. There were also in the desk a number of 
slips indicating the following requests for patents which according to 
FASS had been requested by he and BLACK; 

Patent Number llj5li60U 
11*91076 
1760535 
17701*11; 

18171;25 
1B6?092 
1882808 
1 fioi orv» 



Memo to SAC S. X. McKEE 
NK 65-1071! 


2020928 

2021*103 

2065728 

2111622 

2128351! 

2131*1*29 
213U*30 
2150370 
2160572 
2166103 
21761il5 
2183 B9li 
2207686 
2213935 
2239692 
22601*17 
2266111 
21(39905 
2141*1091 
21(1*1197 
21 * 1*1198 
21414211*3 
21 * 1 * 3181 * 

21 * 31 * 21*6 
2l» 1*3331* 

During an examination of the correspondence file of the Spruce 
Chemical Company, considerable correspondence between BLACK and one BERNIE 
PIDTO, 783 Troy Avenue, Brooklyn, New York concerning miscellaneous matters 
of no apparent significance was noted. FASS explained that PIDTO is a chemist 
friend of BLACK and HARRY GOLD. 

Also noted was considerable correspondence between BLACK and PERCY H. 
HELIE, 53 Holden Street, Worcester 5, Massachusetts. This correspondence re- 
vealed discussions between BLACK and HEL1E in connection with efforts to have 
RELIE Join forces with BLACK and FASS in the Spruce Chemical Company. It was 
apparent from review of the correspondence that BLACK was making considerable 
effort to procure HELIE and his sales experience to be used by the Spruce 
Chemical Company. At the same time, HELIE expressed fear that his acceptance 
of the Job while still employed by Berg Laboratories, Philadelphia, Pennsylvani 
might result in legal conylications. 

The above facts were pointed out by FASS who stated that it was 
necessary that CHARLES BERG not be aware of these pending business dealings 
involving HELIE and the Spruce Chemical Company. 


r9 ' 9 

» 

Memo to SAC S. K. McKEE 

KK 65*li07li 


During the progress of the search JACOB FA SS stated that he was 
aware of the fact that BLACK had been a member of the Communist Party in 
the 1930's subsequently breaking with them to become a Trotekyite. He 
stated that BLACK subsequent broke with this organization also but that 
all of this activity of BLACK occurred before he, PASS, met him. FASS 
added that BLACK had always displayed a keen interest in animals, having 
at one time run a *oo as a youth. 

Also during the search it was ascertained through conversation 
with JACOB FASS that PAUL A. DITTMAN was not associated with the Spruce 
Company as a partner. FASS stated that DITTMAN has been engaged in the 
water-conditioning business for many years in northern New Jersey in which 
he analyzes the sediment or corrosive content of boiler water in various 
industrial plants, thereafter prescribing the proper chemical formula to 
be added as a preventive. 

FASS stated that DITTMAN lined up with chemical coopanies to 
mix and deliver the prescribed chemicals but had become dissatisfied with 
his previous arrangement and through an old friend ERNEST SEGESSEMANN had 
been placed in touch with the Spruce Chemical Company then in Philadelphia, 
Pennsylvania. According to FAS?, the Spruce Chemical Company moved to 
Paterson in order to handle DITTMAN *S orders more expeditiously. 

FASS informed that the premises of 177 East Railway Avenue were 
rented from GOTTFRIED ZIEGLER and that office space was provided for 
DITTMAN who heretofore had operated from his home. Aside from the fact 
that the Spruce Company is dependent on DITTMAN 'S business for its activi- 
ty and the fact that DITTMAN operates now from 177 East Railway Avenue, no 
part of the Spruce Chemical Company as Buch is owned by DITTMAN, it being 
a venture of BLACK and FASS with the latter claiming sole ownership of the 
business. 


FASS also volunteered the following information! 

He stated that one CHARLES FRIEFTELD lived with BUCK in the 
latter's apartment during World War II until FRIEFIELD left for service 
in the army. According to FASS, FRIEFIELD was probably a meirber of the 
SlVP and on occasion had arguments with BLACK involving Stalin vs. Trotsky. 

He stated that the amicable relationship between BUCK and FRIEFIELD suffered 
•s a result of their varied views and following army service FRIEFIELD never 
returned to see BUCK. FASS stated that to his knowledge FASS was later married 
and moved to Florida, 

FASS advised that one SARA ANN (phonetic) last name unknown, who 
was a nurse for CHARLES BERG of Berg Laboratories in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 




Memo to SAC S. K. McKEE 

NK 65-li07li 

often used BLACK ' S apartment in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania when BLACK 
was absent on weekends. FASS was unable to provide further identifying 
data regarding the above individual or the extent of her relationship 
with BUCK. 

FASS informed that BLACK'S apartment at 17 0>ford Street, Newark, 

Hew Jersey was occupied in approximately 19li0 by relatives of WALTER ALKUS, 
a partner of Berg Laboratories. FASS ssld that he did not know the haves 
of these individuals but that they sublet the apartment for about one year. 

It is to be noted that the above individuals have been identified 
as Hr. and Mrs. MARVIN HENSCHEL. 

Also during the search of the Spruce Chemical Company, FASS ex- 
pressed amazement of how HARRY COLD could keep his espionage activities 
from his friends for so long a time. FASS stated that he, himself, is not 
and never has been a Communist Party menfcer or a Communist. 

JOHN SCHMITZ, 5U Brookside Avenue, Pompton Plains, Hew Jersey ar- 
rived at the Spruce Chemical Company during the search. SCHMITZ stated that 
| he has been employed for the past two years as an assistant to PAUL A. DITTMAN 

j in the water-conditioning business. He explained that his duties involve 

traveling to various industrial plants taking samples of water from boilers 
and analyzing same for corrosive content. SCHVITZ pointed cut that preventive 
compounds were then prescribed and handed over to JACOB FASS or THOMAS I. BLACK 
of the Spruce Chemical Conpany who in turn mixed up the compound and delivered 
• same to the company involved. 

SCHM1T2 stated that he has no connection with Spruce Chemical 
Company, FASS, or BLACK other than seeing them frequently during the course 
of business. He stated that he knows nothing of their outside activities or 
background. SCHMITZ added that DITTMAN is presently on an extended vacation, 
care of HENRY H. SALLS, RFD 3, Porter's Point, Winooski, Vermont, which is 
near Burlington, Vermont. He stated that during DITTMAN'S absence he, SCHMITZ, 
[ is handling the business for DITTMAN during the slack summer season. 


- 5 - 


rri*>*><i> ptkiu mo. <m 


Office Memorandum • united states government 


TO « SAC 6. K. McKEE DATE: j une 29, 1950 

FEOM i g A J0HN Ly0NS 

subject*. thcVAS L. BLACK, was. 

ESPIONAGE - R 

Telephone Directory for Passaic and Bergen County Hate P. A. 
DITTMAN, lhl Broadway, Passaic, New Jersey, Gregory 3-5263. 

In 191*6 Garfield City Directory listed PAUL A. PITTMAN, wife 
GERTRUDE, as a chemical engineer with residence at 63 Main Street, 
Garfield, New Jersey. 

Dun and Bradstreet had no record of the Spruce Chemical Company. 
Hoboken, New Jersey Police Department had no record of PAUL A. 

DITTMAN. 

Garfield, New Jersey Police Department had no record of PAUL A. 

DITTMAN. 


The Passaic and Bergen County Credit Bureau, Paterson, New Jersey 
and the Credit Bureau of North Jersey, Smith Avenue, Jersey City, New Jersey 
had no record of DITTMAN or the Sci-eff-ec Laboratories, Inc. 

A mail cover was placed on all mail being received at 177 East 
Railway Avenue, Paterson, New Jersey at the Paterson Post Office through 
Assistant Postmaster DAVID MORGAN for 30 days beginning June 16, 1950. 

Former Special Agent GEORGE F. DINNEEN, who Is sales manager 
of the Time Sales Division, Fidelity Union Trust Conpany, advised that 
all time sales accounts are handled through the main office and records 
for 19l*2 have been destroyed. He stated that it would be impossible to 
check an account of BLACK'S and stated it would be futile to check the 
Branches for the $17.32 monthly payment of BLACK to the Time Sales 
Division of Fidelity in 19l2 to 1915. 







/ 


* 




NX 65-b07li 
JRLiEL 


f 


«T.\NO*ltt> POM* NO. #4 


/' - 


Office Memorandum • 


8 

UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT 


TO * SAC s. K. McKEE Date: June 29, 1950 

Ffc°M i flA J0HN Rt LYONS 

SUBJECT: jf^AS L. BUCK, w AS. 

ESPIONAOE - R 


On June 19, 1950 the writer contacted Mr. LOUIS M. CARTER, employ- 
ment manager at Nopco Chemical Company, Harrison, New Jersey. CARTER ad- 
vised thet ROLANDJ KAPP had been employed by them on February 15, 1933 and 
is presently manageiTof the Fine Chemical Division of Nopco. He stated 
that their records indicate that KAPP was born April 8, 1903 at ISilkes- 
Barre, Pennsylvania; la married; and is presently residing at 321 Mount 
Prospect Avenue, Newark, New Jersey, telephone HU 2-131:9. His former 
address was lU7 Chadwick Avenue, Newark, New Jersey. 


According to their records, KAPP was educated at Columbia 
University from 1921 to 1925 and presently holds an VA and Ph.D from 
Columbia University. CARTER stated that KAPP is in charge of a building 
which contains the Fine Chemical Division and the last laboratory that 
THOMAS L. BUCK had was in KAPP'S building. » 


The following information was contained on 


personnel 


record: 


Father: 

Mother: 

Wife: 

Father-in-law: 


Mother-in-law: 

Brother: 

Sisters: 


cc 65-1:083 


ALEXANDER MAXIMILLIAN KAPP, deceased 
born in Germany 
FLORENCE DELMORE KAPP 


born in United States, United States 
citizen 

MART FANTL KAFP 

SIEFRIED VICTOR FANTL 

born in Austria 

United States citizen 

resides 321 Mount Prospect Avenue, 

Newark, New Jersey 

Mrs. ANTOINETTE FANTL, deceased 

bom United States, United States citizen 


ALEXANDER KAPP 
born United States 
United States citizen 
Mrs. ALEXANDER KAPP GROFF 
Melbourne Place 
Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania 
born United States 
United States citizen 
ELSIE KAPP 
Melbourne Place 
Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania 
bom United States ■ . , 


I 


United States citizen 


V f 


I, ,L 





Memo to SAC S. K. McKEE 
NK 65-k07lt 


He listed himself as being a member of the following societies: 

American Chemical Society 
Washington, D.C. 

Society of Sigma Xi 
an honorary scientific society 
care of Tale University 
New Haven, Connecticut 

Phi Lambda Upsilon 
an honorary scientific society 
care of University of Pennsylvania 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 

According to the record he visited Canada for six days in August 
1939 on a cruise and took a trip to Haiti for two weeks in August 19Ul. He 
gave the following references when he was employed at Nopco: 

Dr. C. 0. BECKMAN 
Professor of Chemistry 
Havermeyer Hall 
Columbia University 
New York City 

Dr* J. K. MARCUS 
a chemist 

27 West 96 th Street 
New York City 

Dr* K. T. STEIK 

a chemist 

1*2 Aubrey Hoad 

Upper Montclair, New Jersey 

The records indicate his draft board was Number 26 of Essex 

County. 

The following is a description of KAPP as appearing on Nopco 

records: 


Born: Arril 6, 1903 

Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania 
Height: 5' 7" 

Weight: - 16$ pounds 

Eyes: Brown 


Memo to SAC S. K. IteJCEE 

NK 65-ljO?U 


Hair* Brown 

Marital Status* Harried 

Social Security Number: 136-09-Cj?89 

Records at Nopco indicate that ANITA BARON was employed there 
on April 28, 191*3 as a laboratory technician ' 6n3 was* terminated on 
November 26, 191*8 due to lack of work in the laboratory. Her last 
address while employed at Nopeo was 358 Nest 29th Street, Hew York 
City and she previously lived at the following addresses: 

351 Nest 29th Street 
Hew York City 

8688 Bay 16th. Street 
Brooklyn, New York 

During the time she was employed at Nopco she married a WILLIAM 
IMVERVAN and notified the company to change her name to IMVERMAN in 191(6. 
The records indicate her father was JACOB BASON, born in Russia; occupation 
butcher; mother BELLA BARON, nee Bella Deutsch; born in Russia; brother 
SAMUEL; sister SYDEL. 


Mr. CARTER advised that ANITA BARON during her employment there 
was a source of trouble among the employees and that she constantly at- 
tempted to stir up the employees against the management of the company. 

He advised that she was friendly with a WILLIAM MISTRETTA while she was 
employed at Nopco and that they were apparently interested in forming a 
union at the company and affiliated with the U0PV»A-CI0. 


The following is a description of AN ITA BARON IMMERMAN as taken 
from the files of Nopco: * ' 


Heights 

Weight* 

Born* 

Birth Registration §i 
Social Security #: 
Education: 


Former employment* 


5‘2" j 

125 pounds I 
April 21, 1921 
New York City 
16237 

056-16-3711* 

New Utrecht High School 
Brooklyn, New York 
graduated 1936; 

Brooklyn College 
graduate June 19l*0 
BA Degree 

July 19liO to December Ijlil 
Jewish Hospital of Brooklyn 

555 Prospect Place 


Memo to SAC S. K. McKEE 
NK 65-1*071* 


Brooklyn, New York 

as student laboratory technician; 

left due to completion of course 

January 16, 191*2 to July 16, 19l*2 

Cumbeiland Hospital 

39 Auburn Place 

Brooklyn, New York 

laboratory assistant 

$bO per month 

left to take better paying Civil Service job; 

July 16, 191*2 to February 191*3 

New York State Psychiatric Institute 

722 West l68th Street 

New York City 

as junior laboratory assistant 
$96 per month 

On her application for employment ANITA BARRON listed the following 
references j 

Dr. NATHAN KANTROW 
physician 
81*02 19th Avenue 
Brooklyn, New York 

JACK FOK 
pharmacist 
1291 Ocean Parkway 
Brooklyn, New York 

Dr. LOUIS S. POLSKIN 
biochemist 
555 Prospect Place 
Brooklyn, New York 


Dr. W. E. SOLOT 
dentist 

8223 Bay Parkway 
Brooklyn, New York 

OTARLES EDV/A^D BENDER, 2-1*3 Cooper Hill, Flemington, New Jersey 
was employed by Nopccron'OctoHei 4 '"7; 19l*2 and resigned on October 31, 19i*lu 
According to Air. CARTER,records indicate that BENDER formerly lived at 
293 Chestnut Street, Nutley, New Jersey. CARTER stated that BENDER was 
employed in the Bacteriological Laboratory, Mopco Chemical Company and 
at the Rare Chemical Company in Flemington, New Jersey. 


Memo to SAC S. K. Mem 
NK 65-U07U 


The following is a description of BENDER as obtained from the 
Nopeo file: 


Bom: 

Height! 

Weight: 
Citizenship: 
Social Security #: 


May 29, 1910 
5’B« 

132 pounds 
United States 
135-09-3707 


BERNARD EDELSTEIN, 227 East Blanche Street, Linden, New Jersey 
was employed on July 10, 1939 and terminated on December 5, 19iil to accept 
a better position. A previous address in the file was 1080 Elizabeth Avenue, 
Elizabeth, New Jersey. 


The following is a description of EDELSTEIN as obtained from the 
files of Nopco: 


Height: 

Weight: 

Citizenship: 

Social Security #: 
Born: 


5 'll" 

175 pounds 
United States 
136-10-0911: 
7/7/16 


RICHARD W. WILSON, 11:8 Stueben Street, East Orange, New Jersey 
employed November 10, 1936 at Nopco and terminated September 11, 191:5 to 
enter school at the Lynchburg Theological Seminary, Lynchburg, Virginia. 
According to Mr. .CARTER, WILSON worked at the Control Laboratory, Nopco 
Chemical Company. 


The following is a description of WILSON: 


Born: 

Height: 

Weight: 

Marital Status: 
Citizenship : 

Race: 

Social Security fh 


11/21A5 
5’ 10" 

179 pounds 
Married 
United States 
Negro 

136-07-91:91 


Mr. CARTER advised that their files which are available to him 
at thi6 time do not have any record on the following: 

CLIFFORD HEVENOR or HAEVENOR 
SEYMOUR SOROKA 
FRANK DZIEDZIC 
OTTO GREINER 


9 

■ \JA 



Memo to SAC S. K. McKEE 
NK 65-U07U 


PAUL WILLIAM 

GENE SMALLEY or SWALLEY 

Mr. CARTER made available pictures of ANITA BARON and RCLAND 
KAPP, copies of which are being placed in files 65-b07b and 65-U083, 
respectively. 

Dr. E. A. ROBINSON, Vice President in Charge of Research, Nopco 
Chemical Company advised that THOMAS L* BLACK took a trip on April 30, 19U0 
for Nopco from Harrison, New Jersey to the Delaware Rayon Conpany at New Castle 
Delaware and he interviewed one EIWARD S. BRUMBERGER , Technical Director of 
Delaware Rayon Company regarding a discoloration in their rayon yarn. As a 
result of this interview, BLACK recommended the use of mecurlal preserver 
in their water to overcome slime. 

Dr. ROBINSON stated this was the only trip, according to their 
records, which BLACK took to the Delaware Rayon Company, New Castle, Delaware 
in 1939 or 19b0. ROBINSON stated that while BLACK was employed there the only 
person who worked with him in the laboratory was ANITA BARON who stated that 
these two worked together during the year 19l*3“19l4h. 


-A- 


MihM MO. V 


Office Memorandum • 

TO » SAOiiCK.’. 

FROM t SA D11T0N C. OOLHKE 

SUBJECT: THO. S L. BLACK, was. 

T.SPION Oh - P. 


UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT 

DATE: Juris 29, 1950 


Hr. l'hila. t'l*. detrd 6/27/50. Newark n':rial ,159 

Hr. DiilVi J. THOMAS, Administrator, VI . rrt Hudron h ospit.il, ^'.'.vn y, 11 . J • , tdvirrd 
th t th-.y do not k' p records of visitors and tht h h. 3 no way of knov/in ; : who 
had visited BL ,;K •.-.Idle he, BLACK, was a prti:nt ^>t the hospital. 

THOI/AS furnish'd BLACK'S daily record, which record coni i ins thi nuir a 
of ny nd 11 uhysicinns who, in their prof ssion 1 oryneitv, h:d vi'it d i;L;.CK. 

Tbit record did not 1 :: ntion wither a Dr. ROBl.P SJEll./Z. or D:\. N'J.'ili'jVluH. Th03 
phyrieiano th t h d attend d or visited BL CK a"< .*.s folia.'?: 


Dr. L..K-: HD J . O' COWNOIl 
Dr. NiwG'LX 

Dr. JOHN It. O'SULLIVAN 
Dr. FRANK J .* COUGHLIN 
Dr. JOHN J. KOB'S 
Dr. K:JX r R 

Dr. K . H.'RVltf 


THOMAS ndvin d that all of -the abov individu.ls -■ :>r c.ntl*-' on t!v 
hospit 1 st ff with th-. exception of Dr. NOG. 'Ll and Dr. L.LL..' • According* to 
THOMAS, ilAi'G'LI y,*c.s a former house physician at the hospital but -itl not know wh: re 
h'i is j;rt s-ntly located. THOMAS st .ted th t h: did not know D -. K-LL’.P -nd th t 
h« h'.-B.no knowl- dg of a Dr. KliLVH having bc~n conn ct-d *ith th hotr. itel. 


Dr. KrLLrlt visit 1 d BLACK on the following d t a: 

3/22/33 

3/30/33 
4/6/38 
5/5/ 18 
6/12/3.:- 

7/5/33 

7/7/31 



miM no. +4 



Memorandum • 


* 

UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT 


TO i 
PROM » 
SUBJECT: 


SAC, S. K. MC KEE 

SA, JOHN R. LYONS 

THOMAS L. BLACK, was. 
ESPIONAGE - R 


DATE: 6-29-50 


On June 25, 1950, the writer and SA JOHN r. DEVLIN left the 
Newark office and drove to 177 Railroad Ave., Paterson, NJ. At 4*25 p.m 
they relieved the agents who had been previously assigned to this sur- 
veillance, At 4*55 pm on that date a 1947 or 1948 maroon Plymouth stopped 
outside 177 Bast Railroad Ave. One nan was in the oar. He did not get 
out and the oar then proceeded north on Railroad Ave, At 5*00 pm the car 
returned and went slowly by Railroad Ave. The license no. was ascertained 
to be PC 56 T. 

At 6:28 pm, FASS and BLACK left the premises at 177 E. Riilroad 
Ave. . Paterson and proceeded to Main Street where at 6:42 pro they boarded a 
bus, license no. OP 68 Y. This bus* proceeded to New York whero at 7*32 pm 
both FASS and BLACK got off the bus at 35th St. and 8th Avenue opposite 
the Hotel New Yorker. BLACK and FASS proceeded south on 8th Avenue of 
foot to 34th Street and went into Child's on the north side of 34th St, 
near 8th Ave. 

They left Child's and proceeded to the Pa. station where 
BLACJ took the 8:30 train from Pa. Station for Philadelphia. Tins train 
was delayed at Trenton for about 45 minutes due to a power failure. BLACK 
got out of the train at Trenton and walked along the platform during this 
delay. At 11*00 pm the train arrived at North Philadelphia, where agents 
LYONS and DEVLIN were relieved by SAs JOHN BLAZEK and JAMES E. HEIMAR of 
the Philadelphia Office. 

Aleo on the surveillance at Paterson and N.Y. ere SAs vanl F. 
DINSIiOP.r end A. R. JONES. 

Agents who were relieved by the writer and others were JAKES J. 
JfICDPP.PAUL FILLY, THOMAS S. LOVERING and WINFRED E. JESTER. 


JRT :TK ‘ 
m: 65-4074 



P pit 14 NO, 64 



Ojfice Memorandum • united states government 

TO S. K. MC KEF. 3 SAC DATE: June 30, 19^0 

fr°m • BERIYN H. CLOW, SA 

SUBJECT: TUX VS L. BUCK 
ESFIONAOK-R 


G. SOROKA, ii91 Clinton Avenue, Newark, Mew Jersey, advised that 
her son, SEYMOUR SOROKA is presently working out of Trenton, Mew Jersey in 
a traveling capacity. Mrs. SOROKA did not know by what comparer he was 
employed or whether or not he maintained a permanent address in Trenton. 


NK 6$-b07ii 
Bh'C :Vt'cL 


i 





BTAN£*A*D PORM NO. 



Office Memorandum • 


9 

UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT 


TO | 6AC DATE: 7/1/50 

FROM i Sfl F. Vv. JAENIKE 
SUBJECT; THOAA'S L. BLaCK, WAS. 

Lab. r. 


At 11:42/ this date SA HOWARD A. SljiRL of the- Philadelphia Office 
telephoned. He said Philadelphia agents had just put BLACK on the train 
for Newark at 11:33/* The train, number 12 . 6 , is due at Penn Station, Newark 
otl2:50P. 

HU'CK is in car #1666 ■which is just in front of the diner. He is v curing 
n grey suit, dark tie, white shirt and is carrying two blank beys. 

LA DAVID BRLLN of the Philadelphia Office is also on the train. Ht is 
described as - Age 30, 5* 8 ", 165#, black wavy hair, gray check suit, v earing 
pink sport shirt. 


SA vSIa.RL advised BLACK said he &s going to clean up some an air;.- at 
LPKUCIS CHtlUCAL COIAPANY and will return to Philadelphia on the ever.inr of 
July 4th. 


The agents handling the surveillance in Newark were notified by 
6 A T. I. KlXif.Y. 

65-6074 




'■ ■' r 


£F<0Ajil3 FORM HO. 0i 


Office Memorandum • united states government 

TO , FIELD SUPERVISOR FRANK M. RAISBECK DATE: July 3 , 1950 

FROM i SA PAUL R. ALKPR 

subject: THCMAS L. SLACK, was. 

ESPIONAGE - R 


The following is the result of surveillance conducted on July 2-3, 
1950 by the writer and SA's G. RANDALL McGOUGH and DELTQN R. GOERKE. A hand- 
written log is being prepared for the file: 


3:20 PM 


ilslO PM 

1>:15 PM 
L:l8 PM 


1:25 PM 


6:00 PM 


6:07 PM 


7:10 PM 


7:35 PM 


11:25 PM 


Surveillance taken over from SA's LEMZ , CLOW and COLEMAN in 
Paterson, N. J. at which time Subject boarded #3 bus at comer 
of Market St. across from Court House. 

Got off bus corner Paterson Ave. and park Ave., E. Rutherford 
and walked down Park Ave. toward Railroad Ave. 

Entered "Stio's Brand Ice Cream" store on Railroad Ave, 

Came out of above store and sat on bench at bus stop corner 
Railroad Ave. and Park Ave. 

Caught #2 bus and disembarked at North Ave, and 5th Street, 
Wood-Ridge, N. J. h:l»0 PM. Then walked up North Ave, to 165 
12th Street where he entered. This is the residence of 
ERNEST SEGEBSEMAN who is mentioned in 65~li07^-i*9-l? and 
65— U07 >— lU— 7 as a close friend of Subject at Spruce Chendcal 
Company. Outside house was green 19hl Chevrolet 2-Dr. Sedan, 

N. J. license R/V 70l*. *' 

Subject and another-man left above house and got in above 
Chevrolet driving to comer of Railroad Ave. and Park Ave. 

E. Rutoerford. 

Both menfcot out of Chevrolet and walked up Park Ave, in the 
direction of Paterson Ave. entering a building the exact 
address 6f which could not be determined but which is approxi- 
mately 236 Park Ave. 

Both men returned to Chevrolet and drove up to Park Ave. and 
Paterson Ave., E. Rutherford where they parked and stood on 
street corner for 15 minutes when Subject caught #3 bus back 
to Paterson at 7:25 PM. 

Disembarked from bus on Market St., Paterson about 3 blocks 
east of Main St. and walked to Majestic Theatre* jjlaiivSE. j‘‘' \ 
Faterson where he entered at 7:55 PM. . . 1 

j : t > 

Left Majestic Theatre at end of last show accompanied by feur- 


11*35 PM Caught #7U bus at corner of Market and Main Sts,, Paterson, 

and rode to the corner of Main and Madison Sts. where he dis- 
embarked, walking to the Madison Plaza Grill on Madison Street 
at the foot of the overpass, 

12*. 00 Ali Left Madison Plaza Grill and walked to his office on E, Railroad 
Ave,, Paterson, arriving at 12jl8 SM, 

12* 1*5 AM No activity, surveillance discontinued. 


7 


*lA/4DAr<b EOKM NO. ft* 



Office Memorandum • 


§ 

UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT 


TO : SAC, S. K. fc'C KEE DATE.- July 3, 1950 

FROM : SA 1HDKAS S. LOVERING 

SUBJECT! THCUAS L. BLACK 
ESPIONAGE - ft 


On the surveillance of THOMAS L. BLACK conducted Saturday/, June 17, 
1950, by the writer and Special Agent GUS MCORF, the following 7/as observed: 


8:20 a.m. - subject left Douglas Hotel (formerly known as Sheraton Hotel) and 
walked to Public Service building at Newark, New Jersey. 

8:40 - subject boarded the Paterson bus. 

9:20 r.m. * subject disembarked from the bus, walked to his office building at 
177 East Hailway Street, Paterson, New Jersey. 

9:35 a.m. - subject arrived at office building and found individual later 
determined to be JACOB FASS. 


9:40 a.m. - subject and FASS went to lunch at nearby Madison Flaza Diner. 

Both spent about 15 minutes there and walked back to 177 
East Railway Avenue. 


12:45 p.m. - A green 1949 Ford hearing current Massachusetts license K 9051 
appeared at 177 East Railway Avenue and 2 unknown men entered 
the building. They remained inside about two hours. 

2:20 p.m. - Sub.iect, JACOB FASS, and the 2 unknown men 7/ho appeared in the 

green 1949 Ford from Massachusetts, drove down to the Madison 
Plaza Diner and remained there until they returned to 3.77 East 
Hallway Avenue. 

3:40 D.m. - All four men returned to the office building and remained there 
until 6:45 p.m. when the writer and Special Agent IXC'RC were 
relieved. 


Hie following descriptions were obtained of the two man who appeared 
in the green 1949 Ford with Massachusetts license K 9051: 


’■! ams t 

Number 1 

Humber 2 

Sax: 

Male 

Male 

Race: 

VJMto 

White 

Age: 

50 years 

50 years 

Height : 

5 ' 10" 

5' 8" 

7>'eight: 

190 pounds 

150 pounds 

Complexion: 

Medium 

Dark 

Eyes: 

? 

? 

fiair: 

Gray 

- Black with gray 

Walk: 


Decided limp 

65-4074 




rr*T4DM1E> FORM mo, 84 


t ® 

* \ 

Office Memorandum • united states government 

TO : SAG. S. K* NO KEE DATE: July' 3, 1950 

FROM j SA TCOLiAS S. 1DVERING 

SUBJECT: TOMS L. BLACK 
ESPIONAGE - R 


On Sunday, June 25, 1950, the writer conducted the following 

surveillance on subject with Special Agent WINFRED E. JESTER: 

9:50 a.m. - Subject arrived from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on Pennsylvania 
Railroad train 260 and subject was turned over at the Pennsyl- 
vania Railroad Station, Newark . New Jersey, by the Philadelphia 
Office agents. 

9:55 a.m. - Subject took a light breakfast at the restaurant in the Pennsyl- 
vania Railroad Station, Newark, dew Jersey, then slowly walked 
carrying two black bags to the Public Service in Newark, her; 
Jersey. 

10:59 a.m- - Subject boarded Paterson bus and rode to Paterson, hew Jersey. 

11:25 a.m. - Subject disembarked from bus and slowly walked to 177 East 

Railway Avenue. 

11:40 a.m. - Subject arrived at office building and found JACOB PASS there 
working. 

11:45 a.m. - Subject and JACOB FASS walked to the nearby Madison Pla7.a Diner. 

12:50 p*m. - Subject and JACOB FASS arrived back at 177 East Railway Avenue 

after taking a circuitous walk of approximately 20 minutes 
back. This walk appeared to be for the purpose of talking 
over confidential matters in the open. 

4:55 p.R. - Subject and JACOB FASS remained inside the building at 177 East 
Kailv/ay Avenue and the writer was relieved. 


i 


i 

j 

I 


UiL:J:b ' 
i : T 65-4974 



CTANUAfUJ FOI7M NO. «M 


f 


Office Memorandum 


§ 

UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT 


to ■ sac - 3. r. >:c h-jsis 

FROM ! M- if. V. CLARK, JR. 


DATE: 


3 , 


1/50 


SUBJECT: VK'Vjr, L. BUCK 

ECPKI.'/GF. - R 


cuts 


A surveillance ivas conducted on tic subject on JuT" 3, 1?5C, 1r 
\>7'Vu. !;. IWTiCi', STANLEY A. LK’0-?vk, and t.he writer. 


'• n-c i nl 


The subject arrived at the Pennsyl v; nia Station, !’<?■— rk, pei- Jersey, 
from rhiiadei j’un, Pennsylvania at 12:50 p.m. Mr proceed../! to tiie Public Service 
Building, De-orb, Pew Jersey, where he boarded Public Service Bu 3 „T2£ for 
Interact., I\ l e i < Jersey. The subject arrived in Paterson, Jiv rh ari r. :i tri 

ti."., an i tljpu proceeded to 177 Last Raj Ivey Avenue, 1 a ter"’ o” , ! e ■’ ruoy, 

■: V* : <•' 'K'ined until about 5 ; 15 p.m. 

A< -bout 5:15 p.m., the subject and J/O’j 1, r ! Z ' walled '.prrod' a t'd)/ 
one 1 r n - ; le rio'-n Siast Railway Avenue and then took a zi g-car path to . 'ijn 
Street, Fat arson, I lev/ Jersey, where the subject mil FAS', bearded a invite •e , ’V'’ce 
Pm lo C 1 if ton, Vow Jersey, arriving there at about 6:15 l !l o cub w et and 
FI : 1 got eff ti e bun and walked to the Riviera Restaurant, bail; Street, Clifton. 
The "•'Cjoct and F.AjC had something to eat at. the Riviera Restaurant a:v! then 
i rnceeded to v ; ' 1 k to the Clifton Theater, Main Street, Cl'ftor, ••hoT thr- arrived 
at ■: out 7:00 p.m. The subject and FASO remained in the theater until ah<.y’. 

10:00 j-.v'., •win;' the double feature movies "The Cons pir-* tor and ''' lh< R>‘ for vr 
and 1 V 3 IVjdh^rd , " 


At about 10:00 p.m. the subject and F / 33 boarded n Public 'rrvj.ee Pus 
for Paterson, New Jersey. The subject got off the bus at the corner cf i adi^on 
venue and Main Street, Paterson, New Jersey, but PASS remained on the bus. The 
«nh,icct then p/oceeded to the Madison Plaza Diner at the corner of liuriison »vnve 
and Cette Avenue, Paterson, New Jersey, vhero bo VmJ a bite to a •" t . T). 'p lie pro- 

ceeded fro::i the Madison Plaza Diner to 177 Fast Rail'.'ay /venue, 1 at or- on, Me r 
Jersey, c i -riving at about 10:30 p.m. 


The subject turned off the lights at- about 11:00 j and r Id re 1 for 
the ri 'ht. Tim surveillance was discontinued at that tine. 



■TAMOAMD FOltM NO, 04 


§ 

Office Memorandum 


0 

• UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT 


to • S. K. MC KEE, SAC date: July 3, 1?50 

from : CARLTON C. LENZ, SA 

SUBJECT: THOMAS L. BUCK, was. 

ESPIONAGE - R 

On 7/2/50 SAs BERLYN H. CLOT, TROY COLEMAN and the writer took up the 
surveillance of the subject at 177 East Railway Avenue, Paterson, New Jersey at 
6:00 a.m. 

The subject was observed coming out of 177 East Railway Avenue at 
10:1:5 a.m. attired in light gray trousers and a white short-sleeved sport shirt. 
He walked to the Madison Plaza Grill located on the corner of Madison and Getty 
Avenues approximately 7 or 8 blocks from the East Railway Avenue address. After 
having breakfast, he walked up to Main Street a block away and bought soma 
groceries. After that, he walked directly back to 177 East Railway Avenue and 
arrived there approximately 11*30 a.m. 

He was next observed leaving the East Railway Avenue address at 
2:20 p.m. At this tima he was attired in light gray pants, coat, white shirt 
and tie. Ho was bareheaded. He again walked to the Madison Grill Plaza where 
he had lunch. At 3:00 p.m. he left the diner and walked to the corner of Main 
Street and Madison Avenue where he waited for a Public Service bU3. He boarded 
the bus shortly after 3*00 p.m. and rode to the center of Paterson. After 
leaving the bus at Paterson, he proceeded to become evasive. He would walk 
up to one bus station, wait thee for a short time and then proceed to another 
bus station. He would remain at this latter bus station for approximately ten 
minutes and then walk off aimlessly in the heart of Paterson. He finally 
returned to the bus station where he had remained for ten minutes and which 
was located on the south side of Market Street. He stayed there letting buses 
pull in and away. Finally just as one bus was about to pull away, he ran and 
jumped on it. 

The relieving Agents consisting of SAs PAUL R. ALKER, RANDALL MC GOUGH 
and DELTOM GOERKE then took up the surveillance. SA MC GOUGH was observed to 
board the bus on which the subject was riding at several blocks ahead of where 
the subject had boarded it. The relieving Agents took over at UsOO p.m. 



NK 65~h07li 
CCL:as ■ 


n*NO*fto?0*M NO. fti 


Office Memorandum 


UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT 


to : SAC S. K. ME KIT DATE: July 3, 1950 

from i 2A F.ufur T. Tyson 

SUBJECT: 'fUCM/.S L. 13LA.CK 
T .5 P ION AG' -R. 

Rebut'! dat-- June 29, and Boston t:l dut'- Jun' .30 last, cono-’Tiinf a -/rson 
by Uv nr un . of NICHOLS named by the subject as b r i.n .7 a to. Sovi- 1 Contact. 


Inv- utigat ton at the Eussinoss mens Library, 11- wo.rk, f! . J. and th; Fr -- 
Public Library, Rutherford, N. J. reveal d that there ha.- not b. "U a city dlv ctory 
publis h d fo ■ Uv citv of Fast Rutherford, N. J. for th y r- a 1931 tlvoxv '• 

1945- 

Lt. 7C THiJi: THONACK, Fast Rutherford, N. J. Folic j D: ps ■•t , n:nt vas contacted 
and h< contacted several of the other old tin: officers of ths r act Rutin rford, 

N. J. Police D. partnent, and they furnished a list of p ool-, by th. nap.. . of 
NICHOLS who th.-y bri remembered as having lived in Past Ruth rford, U. J, at one 
tine. Lt. THOHACK stated that most of the names on this list d .Unit 3y did not 
go to th" Massachusetts Institute of Technology. The running names on th-- list 
vierc checked through th^- records of tho Hast Ruth' rford High School and it ran 
ascertained that nonx the remaining nan' r, on thi" list alii attend. d this school. 

It wss also ascertained th:;t those people either had not nad-' -uffiei ntly high 
grades 'to b' admitted to college, such as HIT, had not tnk n courses that Vit.r^ 
rfouih d for college admission, or had graduated from this school ruK-i su.nt to 
th< : partin' nt period. 


Referenced Boston Tel set out the names of tv:o graduates from HIT '/ho had 
specialised in Metallalurgy and were presently residing in New Jersey. One of 
thi.se JOHN ElVIThli NICHOLS graduated in 1946 and var. elii-unrt d inar, ruch c: this i.as 
subs'-cu nt to th : pertinent period. Tho othrv GiGS-CL- IL'st-.hlS NICHOLS, 29 Hill crest 
Road, Madieon, N. J. graduated in 1923 and tlr following inv-’.etigatlon v;ae conduct'd 
cone ruing him: 


Sgt. iiAETIH JOININGS, NA, of the Madison, H. J. Polio • Dc .;,art:n. nt /Ivi/rd 
that Gi 0- G’- HARRIS NICHOLS, was long time resident of Madison and that he thought 
that hg_ had liv-jljcpjjadison prior to 1935* Mr* NCCIIOLS i;as t 1 aphonic ally contact-. d 

f und ho adviaid th t h. had n-'Vtr lived in hart Ruth. rford 
and I UP Lirr~CTr.it h‘ did not know of any oth-r person by th' nam- of NICHOLS who had 
rradua.t 1 d from MIT. 




fftAMOMlO rORM NO. B* 


Office Memorandum 


UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT 


TO • SAC, S. K. :-.'C KEE date: July 5, 1953 

FROM .SA PHILLIP J. CARROLL 

SUBJECT: HL.VAS L« CLACK, was • * 

ESPIONAGE - R 


He our tel to the Bureau, New York, and Philadelphia dated June 33, 

19 50, (serial 176 of this file). 

Mr. J • D. BORGES, Security Office, M. W. Kellogg Company, Jersey 
City, New Jersey, advised the writer on June 30, 1950, that V/ILLIA.U VJ5AD 
STAPLER, son of WILLIAM STAPLER, has been employed by them as an Instrumentation 
Engineer Bince July 21, 1948. STAPLER, according to BORGES, has been cleared 
by the Army to work on top secret contracts. Although the work this individual 
is doing at the present time is not considered as top secret BORGES stated it 
is in a highly confidential classification. 

STAPLER, he advised, operates instruments which record the effectiveness 
of guided missiles and from time to time he has been sent out on actual tests 
with the missiles to observe their operation. BCRGES advised STAPLER has access 
to all confidential work on guided missiles as well as access to the Kellogg 
Company Research Library which contains considerable confidential information 
in this field. 

STAPLER has always been considered by the company as being an 
excellent employee and they have had nc reason to doubt Us loyalty tc the 
United States. According to BORGES, STAPLER gets along well vd th his fellow 
employees but is a very quiet individual who always eats his lunch alone and 
a person who has never become too friendly with the men in his department. 

According to the company files STAPLER was born November 30, 1919. 
at Bloomington, Delav/are; and has Social Security number 146-12-9696. ,'lhe 
personnel files reflect that the school he last attended was Casey Jonas 
School of Aeronautics, Newark, Mew Jersey, from March, 1940, to June, 1941* 

His present residence was listed as being Hamburg Tbrnpike, Uiverdale, New 
Jersey; and his former address until July, 1947, as being 8 laurel Jioad, 

Mountain Lakes, Hew Jersey. 

The record reflected he has been out of the United States for a trip 
to Canada in July, 1947. His social activity includes membership in the 
Cosmopolitan Club of Montclair, New Jersey, a social group in which STAPLER 
has been, active since 1938. He listed his father as WILLIAM V-. STAPLER of 
Riverdale, Mew Jersey, now deceased, born in the United States; and his mother 
on ETHEL Li. S'lAPLER o 
Ho listed his wife as 
Mountain Lakes, New J 


MK 65-4074 
PJCsJHD V' ? 


f lli.verdale, New Jersey, also born in the United States. . 
being Mrs. MARY R. STAPLER who formerly.. resided in J Cj ' V 
ersey. j * ' > L ’ '' > ' ' 


Vyj, 





* 



NK 65-4074 


STAPLER'S prior employment is set forth as follovfst 

Radio Assembler, employed by John Hogan, Mountain View, New Jersey, from 1937 
to 1940. 

Overhaul and Field Service, employed by Curtiss Propellor division, Caldwell, 
New Jersey, from June, 1941, to December, 1942. 

Instrumentation Technician, employed by the Reaction Ho tors Incorporated, 
Dover, New Jersey, from April, 1946, to July, 1948. 

His references as contained in the files of the Kellogg Company 
are set forth as follows: 

STAN'IO!'] E. KAR3Y, Dorris Avenue, Riverdale, New Jersey. 

DOUGLAS VAEDERPOOL, Butler, New Jersey. 

JACK t’C NAUGHTDW, 21 Summit Avenue, Montclair, New Jersey. 

The records reflected that STAPLER served in the United States Army' 
Air Force from December, 1942, to March, 1946. 

Mr. BORGES advised that one of STAPLER'S references, DOUGLAS 
VANDKRFGOL, worked with STAPLER 'in the Kellogg Company in his capacity as 
an Instrumentation Engineer. According to EORGES, STAPLER and VAN DEAFOOL • 
had also been employed together at the Reaction Motors Incorporated of 
Dover, New Jersey. According to BORGES, VANDERPGOL was employed by them 
from July, 1947, to December, 1949, when he took a short leave of absence 
giving the reason it was necessary for him to take his wife to Florida 
because of ill health. BORGES advised VANDERPGOL never reported back to 
work and the company has never heard a word from him. Ihe last address 
of VAKDERPCCL on file with the company is Marion town Road, itFD 1, Plooming- 
dale, Mew Jersey, where he was residing at the time he left- the company's 
employ. 


Thn following is a description of .’.’ILLTAM STAPLER as was contained 
in the file3 of the company: 


Borns 

Social Security: 
Race: 

Sex: 

Heights 

Weight: 

Eyes s 
Hair: 

Wife: 

Address: 


November 30, 1919 
Number 146-12-9696 
White 
Male 
6 ’ 

180 pounds 

Brown 

Brown 

MARY R. STAPLER 

Hamburg Tbrnpike, Riverdale, New Jersey. 


- 2 - 


tn form no. M 


/ Offi 


ce Memorandum 


§ 

UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT 


to i SAC McKee date; July 5, 1950 

from I SA William H. Cowger 

SUBJECT; THOMAS L. BLACK, was. 

ESPIONAGE - R 


The following is the result of a surveillance conducted by 
Agents ROBERT M. FRANKLIN, JAMES C. MOORE and the writer: 



6:10 a.m. - Surveillance begun, vicinity Spruce Chemical Company, 

177 East Railway Avenue, Paterson, New Jersey. 

BritO a.m. - Subject walked out of office and was met by an 

unidentified individual. Both men re-entered office. 

8:$1 a.m. - Late model Ford, Stake Body Truck, arrived at 177 East 
Railway Avenue; unloaded brown bag of material. Truck 
bore mark ‘’Central Transfer Company, Inc. M 

9: Oli a.m. - 19li9 Chevrolet two door (dark colored) arrived at 
177 East Railway Avenue. Unidentified individual 
left car and entered office. 

9:13 a.m, - This unidentified individual left and drove South on 
East Railway Avenue, Unable to obtain license number. 

9:38 a.m. - Subject left Spruce Chemical Company carrying dark 

colored bag. Walked North on East Railway Avenue in 
. direction of Madison Diner. . 

9:50 a.m. - Arrived Madison Diner, Madison Avenue. 

10:10 a.m. - Left Madison Diner. Walked in direction of Main Street. 

10:22 a.m. - Arrived corner of Main and Court Streets, Paterson. 


65-b0fJi 


10:ii0 a.m. - Boarded bus at Main and Court Streets, Paterson. 

11:25 a.m, - Arrived Public Service Building, Newark, New Jersey. 
11s ho a.m, - Arrived Pennsylvania Station and checked bag in public 



NIC 65-fiO?l 

12*30 p.m, • 

1*1? p.m, - 
1*30 p.m. - 

1}$0 p.m. - 
2*12 p.m. - 

3*00 p.m. - 
3:00 p.m. - 


WHO : KMP 


Arrived 92 Howard Street, Newark, New Jersey, (VAN PCIZNICK'S 
STORAGE). 

Left 92 Howard Street. 

Arrived Broad and Market Streets, Newark, Remained in 
restaurant on east corner of Broad and Market Streets 
approximately 20 minutes. 

Left restaurant and walked in direction of Public Service 
Terminal. 

Subject boarded Paterson bus at Public Service Terminal, 
followed by Agent FRANKLIN, FRANKLIN accompanied subject on 
bus to Paterson, New Jersey. 

Subject and Agent FRANKLIN left bus at Main and Court Streets, 
Paterson, New Jersey. 

Surveillance taken over and continued by Agents ANDREW R. BABYAK, 
THOMAS C. KELTY and JOHN DEVLIN. 


- 2 - 



frTAtftMMD #o*M NO. 64 


* 

Office Memorandum 


§ 

• UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT 


TO , S/'C }.'C KKh DATE: JULY 5, 1950 

FROM , SA AHD’>. H. BABYAK 

SUBJECT: Tv » AS I... "LACK was. 

m:,T( - a 

Reference is i ado to Philadelphia tel .type to Newa rk dated Jme 21, 
1050 wJich requested that a discreet inves li<d' tier, ocj undertaken to obtain 
complete bn o': ground information and present whereabout 1 of Ur. |.,,Ri ITiJK, 
former Director of Rese re is at N0PC0 Chen ical Com. any, Harrison, it.ov Jersey. 

STilK’S personnel file at the VC PCX) Company, n ad ' ' available .-y 
T/ CIS RiVl, P- rsonnel Director, contained only one undated «u<; c tio:.r."i ru. 
The cllcmin; information concerning STMK res gleaned from <• ' -if-.-.: of thin 
or stionnei re : 


NAJ.I 1 

Karl T. Stoik 

ard^'SS 

10 Flston Road 

* 

Upper Fontclair, Dov* Jersey (O 1 

Ml) AT. ST - TUB 

Ferried 

DbPbKTKFTS 

four children and 1 depend vil 

KD 1 CATION 

Coller.e graduate witii ?/..A. and 
Ph. D. degrees. 

P, 1 /.! Th 

Good, no physical defects 

IkJ iiHT 

5 1 10£” 

■vbJGHT 

165 pounds 

OCC 1 P ATI ON 

Chemist 

B0!tN 

July 12, 1884, Lenina!, Latvia 

YSS5HS IK STATES 

12 years 

XlfiAliS IN COUNTY 

4 years 

UNION AFFILIATIONS 

None 

RELIGION 

Luthfl ran 

t; .vnov ai.tty 

Lett 

GITJZisN 

Yes 

■ck o r the pay-roll records 

reflected that Gif IK was ernplo; 


by the iiC'KJO Company on Augyist 17, 1931 and that he resigned effective on 
Sept 'flibor 30 , 1937. 

Subsequently CAftTbR located a 1932 Personnel Report which contained 
the fcllovdnp biographic sketch of Dr. SThlK: 


u f } 


Dr. Karl T. Stoik 


UK-65-4074 
•’ it’ jral 



ftf UK 


July i?, 1 ■ ’84 
J/emsp.l, Latvia 


UK !-' tl.r. ;4t c j 
t.tTGAl'ICN 


PITT CSS 



• »a-3 



University Dorpat, Asthenia , Chemistry 

Special work in Bacteriological Chemistry 
at the Carlsberg Lahore!' rices in Copenhagen, 

Physiological Chemistry at th« In tercity of 
Koenigsberg, Germany. 

Physical and Organic Chemistry at Harvard 
University, A. M. - 1911 

Organic Chemistry at the University ot Chicago, 111. 
Ph. D. - 1919 

Languages - Latin, German, Russian, French, and 
reading knowledge of a few other languages. 


Control Chemist, Tentelevsky Chemical Company, 

St. Petersburg, Russia. 

Construction of Contact Ketbod 
Sulphuric Acid Plant, 

North Woburn, Massachusetts. 

Engineering Chemist & Associate Professor 
University of Wyoming. 

Research Chemist and Research Librarian 
Standard Oil Company of Indiana. 

Associate Professor 
University of Florida. 

Research Chemist, Sun Oil Company 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 

Research Chemist, Standard Oil Development Company 
Elizabeth, New Jersey 

Research Director 

National -’il Products Company, 

Harrison, New Jersey' - 1931 


- 2 - 




CI.UBS AND American Chemical Society 

SOCJKTIBS 

Gamma Alph 2 , Signa Xi. 

'•XTF' NO, 200 Ciast Sixth Street 

Clifton, Hew Jersey 

During the course of the writer's interview with CARTA R, Dr. RCBiRTSCN, 
present Director of Research at N0P00 Company, entered the room arid furnished 
the foil o’vin; information regarding STKIK, after it war ascertained that he 
was familiar with the Bureau's interest in FLACK and BLACK 1 G associates! 

RCPmlii'GOH advised that although the pay-roll records reflected that 
STW7K voluntarily resigned from his position as Director of Research at HTF'C, 
the truth-of tie matter .vas that the Board of Directors regarded his work as 
unsatisfactory and requested that he submit his resignation. According to 
iiC r ih'RIoCK *S recollection STeJK v/as employed by the Brooklyn College in New York 
City as a teacher of Chemistry after leaving NOPCO. 

RDih-RT'iON advised further that STt'LK was generally regarded by 
technicians as an ’’idea man", a man who t > as constantly working cn sc;n = new 
chemical process or novel experiment. He stated that SV'.JK’S ideas generally 
proved unsuccessful, but that he did meet with considerable succ sc in developing 
3 germicide vdiicb he placed in production subsequently under the trade name 
of Uforsan . RCThR'ISOJ stated that Uforsan proved to be such a successful 
germicide that extensive use was made of it in the NOPCO dispensary* RCBCRTSCH 
stated that until about five years ago STBTK made personal delivery of Uforsan 
which was in the form of a salve but that since that time Uforsan has been 
obtained at NO PTC by mailing an order to SfblK'S home at 470 Grove Street, 

Upper Non tclair where the salve is prepared. 

KOBfRTXN after being shovm photographs of 5TT/7Y. , taken in 1C32, 
which were obtained from CARTER, stated that the photographs were a perfect 
likeness of Sli. 1 , IK as he. appeared five years ago when last seen by RO-'CVISCH 
•;ith the exception thut SVnJK is now comp'etely gray, both CARTER and 
.iTFouToC'N stated that additional background information regarding STvIK 
could be obtained from other records and from additional interviews with 
former co-workers , but they were requested to m'-ike no further .inquiry at this 
time in view cf the fact that according to referenced teletype, this 
in v stipe tion ivos to be conducted with extreme discretion. 


- 3 - 


!’K Kile 4'6 5-4074 


Records of the Credit Bureau of Greater Newark reflected that a 
credit report was submitted on Dr. STtllK under date of April 1944* This 
report reflects that Lirs. STcJK'S name is hr.ATRICi and that she and her 
husband purchased th-ir home at 470 Grove Street, Upper I'ontclair only two 
months pre /iot sly through the Montclair Trust Company from Label F. Doody. 
According to this report, this property is assessed at i;l2,400. 

This report reflected that STcJK resided at 4 2 Aubrey Road, 

Upp'r Pontcleir for several years prior to purchosin,' the home at 470 Grove 
Street, Upper hontclair, and that an earlier address was 10 fc'.lstoh' hoad, 
Upper lontclair. This report reflected thet STvIK rented in these last 
t ,7 o addresser, end that he left these neighborhoods in good standing. 

STt'JK *S employment was reported ss being employed. 


- 4 - 


B! *OflM HO. 0* 


t ' § 

Office Nlemovandum * united states government 

S. K. tie KEE, SAC DATBi July 6, 1950 

LOUIS 0. TURNER, SA \ 

* ' ^ xv:5 

ABRAHAM L. FRIEDMAN 
SECUFi IT T ilATTER - SWP 

Bj teletype dated 6/29/50 in the case entitled TI.'OaLAU L. BLACK, nos* 
ESHONAUE-R, the Philadelphia Office set forth certain information obtained 
during interview of BLACK. , V .. - 

/ 

Among the pereonal belongings of BLACK, there appeared the name 
ABRAHAM L. FRIEDMAN, lawyer, telephone Esssex 2-71*35 • The Philadelphia Office 
has indicated that BLACK stated during interview that this name was given him 
by JAUL PETERSEN, his Soviet contact to check out. BLACK fhrtber indicated 
that f U1EDMAN was another possible contributor to the SKF but not a member' of 
that organization* 

A check of the indices of the Newark Office reveals no information 
pertaining to FRIEDMAN. 

Reference to Newark telephone directories reflects an AL FRIEDMAN, 
lawyer, 1060 Broad Street, Newark, New Jersey, phone id 2-0161. 

It is suggested that consideration be given to oponlng a case on 
the above captioned individual. 


To i 
FROM : 
SUBJECT; 



CCi UK 65-14071* 4./ 

UK 100- 
LQTiub 


0 r •• vo ; v - rSip / 

! 

4 ^ - ■ 

II 1 1 'll in,;’*''* 


_ 


tTAHOAKD FORM NO. fl* 

Office Memorandum • united states government 

T ° t 6. K. «C KEE, SAC 

PRO»i « Ijo UIS 0. TURNER, SA. 

SUBJECT-. DOHA GELFAMD 

bECtil'.IT ' MATTEL - SWP 

By teletype dated 6/29/50 in the case entitled THOJAfc L. LLACK, nan* 
ESI IQUAGB-h, the Philadelphia Office eet forth certain information obtained 
during interview of BLACK. 

Among the personal belongings of BLACK the name DOHA GELRAND, ?8ii 
South 16 Street, appeared in a notebook retained by BLACK. The Philadelphia 
Office Indicated that questioning of BLACK regarding tills name resulted in 
his etating that LOliA GELFAMD was a woman who lived in Newark, Mon Jersey and 
had contributed a sizeable sum of money to the SVJF. BLACK st a ted that this 
name was given him by his Soviet contact PAUL 1ETFKSEN as a EftP member on 
whom BLACK would report. BLACK indicated he had discovered CSLFADD was not 
a member of the SAP but was a sympathizer and financial contributor* which 
information BLACK reported to PETERSEN. ' 

BUCK indicated that a HERMAN B. GELFAMD,. architect, was DORA'S 

husband. 


DATEl July 6, 1950 


.. *•: 



A check of the indices of the Newark Office reveals no information 
pertaining to HERMAN or DORA GELFAND. 

Reference to Newark telephone directory reflects a HERMAN B* GELFAND, 
architect, 116 Market Street) with residence at 78k South 16 Street, both 
Newark, New Jersey. - • 

It is suggested that a new case be opened on the above captlcned 
individual. 


CCi NK 65-k07k 1 

NK 100- 
LOTias . 


f J ' ^ 7 v . 

r ■ 



- *'l 




Office Memorandum • united states government 


TO SAc MG KEE DATE July 9, 1950 

from ; R0Y4L A. MC GRAB 

SUBJECT: THOMAS L. BLACK , WAS 
ESP * R 


The writer tfclephonically advised 3A R.D.COUGEK , Philadelphia 
Office at 8:30PM, July 9, 1950 that Bln ck departed Penn Station 
Hew York City at 8:30 PM, July 9, 1950 on train number 143 
and that he was occupying one of first seven cars. 

The writer advised tflat Black would be accompanied by Agent;.’ 
j B&gvrr* tl Jones who was desceibed as being 5*9", durk hair, 

freckled face, wearing brown suit, blue sports shirt with collar 
on outside of coat, and bareheaded, and JOHN R. LYONS, described 
as being 5'9"» brown hair, tan suit, white shirt, light colored 
Panama hat with dark blue and red had band. 





Office Memorandum • united states government 


to : SAC, NL1VARK DATE; July 11, 1950. 

FROM ! SA LOUIS G. TURNIR 

SUBJECT! THOMS L. BLACK, WAS., 

• ESPIONAGE— R 

The following activities of the subject were noted during a surveillance 

conducted July 9, 1950 by SAs RUFUS T. TYSON, RICHARD E. BRIT SON, and the writer. 

7 1 50 AM Surveillance taken up at Douglas Hot'-l, 15 Hill St., Newark, 15. J. where 

subject had registered for the night of July 6, 1950. (*est«veo ay s* 

jt.arro* Men —v 

9 **50 AM Subject entered lobby of Douglas Hotel from elevator, check'd out frotir 
room at hotel desk, and entered Coffee Shop for breakfast. 

10:15 AH Left Douglas Hotel on foot and proceeded via Broad and Market Streets 
to Pennsylvania Railroad Station, Newark, where he arrived at 10:30 AM 

10:ft0 AM Subject met Jacob Fass at Penn RR Station and together they proceeded 
on foot to near Broad and Market Streets 

A?*TTH£*Ui fists o •S'^up 

11:15 AM Left tiifceheli 1 -® together and proceeded on foot to Penn RR Station. 

S4*rr*£ m/s 

11:40 AM Picked up two heavy metal chests from locker in station. 

11:50 AM Subject and Fass boarded City Subway and rods one stop to Public 
Service Terminal at Broad and Raymond Blvd. 

12:05 PM Subject and Fass boarded Bus #128 at Public Service Terminal. 

12:55 ^ Left bus at Main and Court Streets, Paterson, N.J. 

1:25 PM Arrived at Spruce Chemical Co., 177 P. Railway ave., Paterson, having 
carried metal chests on foot from bur stop. 

2:20 PM Subject and Fass left Spruce Chemical Co. on foot without metal chests 
and proceeded to bus stop on Main St. 

2:35 Pit Boarded Inter City Bus #30 destined for New York. 

3:30 PM Left bus together at 42nd St. & 8th Ave New York City, entering 
Child’s Restaurant at that corner. 

3:55 PM Left Child's Restaurant together. 


4:00 PM 
4 .*10 PM 


Subject and Fass entered Apollo Theater on 42nd St. near 8th Ave. 

I,, b • < 




Surveillance taken over by SAs JOHN R. LYONS, 
PAUL E. KELLY. 



-FWOMSSy-and 

OfcWCHFu ... : . 

SERfALlZCU '...rtlVJ* ' 

J!l! I 1 1950 

Fttl • NEW/MvK 




BTANBARb FORM HO. W 


0 


0 


Office Memorandum • united states government 


to j SAC S. K. MC KEE DATB/July 13, 1950 

FROM i 3A THOMAS F. JONES _ . -. V . • 

SUBJECT! THOMAS L. BUCK ' ■ ‘ ^ ' 

ESPIONAGE - R 


On July 9, 1950, the writer accompanied by Special Agents JOHN R. 
LIONS and PAUL E. KELLI relieved Special Agents LOUIS G. TURNER, RUFUS T. TYSON, 
and RICHARD E« BRIT SON at 4iX0 p.»..ftt the Apollo Theater between 8th and 7th 
Avenue at 42 Street, New York City, for the purpose of oonduoting a surveillance 
oh the subject* ' . 

The subject remained in the theater until 7 p.ra. at which time he 
left and proceeded to the Pennsylvania Railroad Station via foot down 7th Avenue. 
At 7t30 p.m. EDST, the subject was observed by SA JOHN R. LIONS starting down 
thb: Bast stairs of traok 11 to board the 7*30 p.a. train for Philadelphia going 
south. He shook hands with JACOB FAS3 who had aooompanled him from the theater 
to the railroad station and proceeded to the stairway and started down. 

It was determined by SA LIONS that the subject did cot board this 
train and at 8*05 p.m. the subject vaa observed by 'SA JONES walking through the 
Pennsylvania Railroad Station. The subject boarded the 6*30 p.m. EDST train 
enroute to Philadelphia. , 

The surveillance during the tHp to Philadelphia was conducted by 
SA JONES and LIONS and the subject arrived 'at Philadelphia at 9*57 p.m. whan he 
left the train and proceeded to the North Philadelphia Subway Station. He got 
on the subway train and rode two stations to Columbia Avenue in Philadelphia 
where he got off and walked around in ft manner which suggested to the Burvellling 
agents that he felt he vaa being followed. > 

At this point, at 10*15 p.m., the surveillance was taken up by 
SA AL OLIVER and SA EARL MITCHELL of the Philadelphia Office. 

i , i 


NK 65-1074 

TFJlEVL 


' V ' > 

l\i /♦ I ■ t ' 1 1I II • ' 

SimAM/E** VH.tO .. . 

JUl I 195U 

FBI ■ NEWARK - 

— 7C 


Zib 



BTAMDAttO rOOM MCL *4 


t « 

Office Memorandum • united states government 


to i SAC S. K. MC KEE date.- July 13, J.950 

FROM « SA THOMAS F. JONES 

SUBJECT: THOMAS L. BUCK 
ESPIONAGE - R 


On July 9, 1950, the writer accompanied by Special Agents JOHN R. 
iIONS and PAUL E. KELLY relieved Special Agents LOUIS G. TURNER, RUFUS T. TYSON, 
and RICHARD E. BRITSON at 4:iO p.m. at the Apollo Theater between 3th and 7th 
Avenue at 42 Street, New York City, for the purpose of conducting a surveillance 
on the subject. 

The subject remained in the theater until 7 p.m. at which tine he 
left and proceeded to the Pennsylvania Railroad Station via foot down 7th Avenno. 
At 7 i.30 p.m. EL)ST, the subject was observed by SA JOHN R. LYONS starting down 
the East stairs of track 11 to board the 7:30 p.m. train for Philadelphia going 
south. He shook hands with JACOB FAS S who had accompanied him from the theater 
to the railroad station and proceeded to the stairway and started down. 

It vas determined by SA LYONS that the subject did not board this 
train and at S:05 p.m. the subject was observed by SA JONES walking through tho 
Pennsylvania Railroad Station. The subject boarded the £ :30 p.m, ED3T train 
enroute to Philadelphia. 

The surveillance during the t^ip to Philadelphia was conducted by 
SA JONES and LYONS and the subject arrived at Philadelphia at 9:57 p.m. when he 
loft the train and proceeded to the North Philadelphia Subway Station. He got 
on the subway train and rode two stations to Columbia Avenue in Philadelphia 
where he got off and walked around in a manner which suggested to the surveilling 
agents that he felt he was being followed. 

At this point, at 10:15 p.m., the surveillance was taken uo by 
SA AL OLIVER and SA EARL MITCHELL of the Philadelphia Office. 


fJK 65-4074 
TFJsEVL 


21 <o 



fU AMoMitv \ 1V,»M »<ir' 


f § 

Office Memorandum • united states government 


DATE: 7/ V./5D 


TO * sac 

from i iVnia'n li, Corner, SA 

SUBJECT: Thomas L. Black, Was. 

Epplotjage ~ R 

On Jo. 1 v 5 , .' 930 , Chief Clerk G. ,f. Vkl * Cr. Vocation. 1 

end Technic/ t Hi.-i. iciiool, 275 Sussex Ave, Nev/rk, N. J. /j^viteo the writer 
the records of tint school reflected that Thom;: Hack, 17 Onforc it., 

(feu. rk, J.) attended that school from Oct her, 197 ? to '.'arch, 1940 , 

tekiny r con me in Rudiments of Machine Operation. Hack also attended that 
school from October, 1940 to J^arch, 1941 * taking: a course in Fitment try lathe 
' ork. 


iiu.lr.ov advisee Black's attendance v&s proo«..oly in the iiight tchool, 
.‘•nd : I ■ tec' that no further or more detailed record is svailrb.Le. 


( 5-407Z, 
V HC : 


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Memorandum • united spates government 


T0 : SAC S. K. McKEE DATE: August 23* 1950 

from : FJELD SU p ER visoR FRANK M. RAISBECK 

SUBJECT: thomS L. BLACK 
ESPIONAGE - R 

On July 18, 1950 the writer discussed the question of a review 
of the subject's bank account with Field Supervisor HARZEMSTEIN of the 
Philadelphia office, at which time it was pointed out that considerable 
manpower and time were being utilized in reviewing the Recordax film at 
the West Hudson National Bank in Harrison, New Jersey.. 

Field Supervisor HARZENSTEIN advised that in view of the present 
status of this case he did not believe that any further review of the eufc- 
ject's bank account was necessary and that only that portion which has been 
reviewed thus far need be reported. 

NK 65-li07h 
LGTtEL 




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